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Table 7 Summary of studies with control group: number of participants testing positive for different pathogens by region

From: Pathogens associated with persistent diarrhoea in children in low and middle income countries: systematic review

  South-East Asia The Americas All
  Studies Persistent diarrhoea No diarrhoea Studies Persistent diarrhoea No diarrhoea Studies Persistent diarrhoea No Diarrhoea
   N Weighted
Mean
N Weighted
Mean
  N Weighted
Mean
N Weighted
Mean
  N Weighted
Mean
N Weighted
Mean
Viruses                
Rotavirus 4 496 2% 501 1% 3 162 12% 162 7% 7 658 5% 663 3%
Enteric adenovirus 1 92 1% 92 2% 1 66 11% 82 0% 2 158 5% 174 1%
Bacteria                
Campylobacter 4 489 8% 375 9% 2 96 0% 80 0% 6 585 6% 455 8%
Shigella 4 496 5% 501 3% 3 184 3% 520 2% 7 680 4% 1021 2%
Salmonella 3 326 6% 337 0% 3 184 0% 520 0% 6 510 4% 857 0%
Vibrio cholerae 2 317 1% 373 1% 1 88 0% 440 0% 3 405 0% 813 1%
*All Enteropathic                
E coli – upper estimate 4 386 32% 329 27% 3 164 63% 75 38% 7 550 41% 604 30%
*All Enteropathic                
E coli – lower estimate 4 386 26% 328 22% 3 164 41% 275 25% 7 550 31% 603 23%
EHEC 1 92 0% 92 0% 1 51 0% 51 0% 2 143 0% 143 0%
Parasites                
Giardia lamblia 5 504 8% 540 7% 3 184 14% 522 7% 8 688 10% 1062 7%
Cryptosporidium 2 232 1% 280 4% 3 167 16% 369 5% 0 399 7% 649 4%
Entamoeba histolytica 5 504 2% 541 4% 3 184 1% 522 1% 5 688 2% 1063 3%
At least one pathogen 1 92 73% 92 22% 2 112 76% 233 60% 3 204 75% 325 43%