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Table 5 Characteristics of included studies: comparison groups without diarrhoea

From: Pathogens associated with persistent diarrhoea in children in low and middle income countries: systematic review

Study report Location Source of cases Number of cases Source of comparison group without diarrhoea Matching of comparison group Number of children without diarrhoea
Bangladesh 1992a [16] Matlab (rural) Active household surveillance Varied by pathogen (68 – 184) Same community study cohort Age and proximity of residence Varied by pathogen (67 – 164)
Bangladesh 1992b [17] Mirzapur (rural) Active household surveillance Varied by pathogen (53 – 153) Same community study cohort Age and proximity of residence Varied by pathogen (46 – 213)
India 1989 [18] New Delhi Hospital admissions 92 Other wards with non-gastro-intestinal illnesses Age and nutritional status 92
India 1992 [19] New Delhi Hospital admissions 81 Nutrition clinic with failure to thrive and weight for height = 90% of standard Not matched 32
India 1999 [22] Slum of New Delhi Active household surveillance 115 Same community study cohort Age, nutritional status and proximity of residence 115
Brazil 1990 [26] Urban slum, Fortaleza Active household surveillance 40 Same community study cohort Not matched 38
Brazil 1995 [29] Fortaleza Hospital admissions 56 Children on other wards By age 42
Brazil 2000 [4] Shanty town, Fortaleza Active household surveillance 88 Same community study cohort By age and sex 443