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Table 3 Characteristics of diabetic patients with meningitis (n = 46)

From: Hyperglycemia in bacterial meningitis: a prospective cohort study

Characteristics value Characteristics value
Median age in years (IQR) 69 (59–74) Laboratory features  
Symptoms <24 hours 30/45 (65%)    CSF WBC <1000/mm3 10/46 (23%)
Predisposing conditions      Blood glucose ≥ 7.8 mmol/L (≥ 140 mg/dL) 40 (87%)
   Distant focus of infection* 33/46 (72%)    Blood glucose ≥ 11.1 mmol/L (≥ 200 mg/dL) 32 (70%)
   Otitis/sinusitis 15/46 (33%)    Positive blood culture 25/46 (57%)
   Pneumonia 5/46 (11%) Causative organism  
Symptoms and signs      S. pneumoniae 31/46 (67%)
   Headache 33/41 (81%)    N. meningitidis 6/46 (13%)
   Neck stiffness 34/44 (77%)    Listeria monocytogenes 6/46 (13%)
   Temperature >38°C 38/46 (83%)    Group B streptococci 2/46 (4%)
   GCS <14 35/45 (78%)    Escherichia coli 1/46 (2%)
   Score on GCS <8 14/44 (31%) Favorable outcome 22/46 (48%)
   Focal neurologic deficits# 24/46 (52%) Death 15/46 (33%)
  1. * Defined as otitis/sinusitis or pneumonia. # Defined as cranial nerve palsies, aphasia, monoparesis or hemiparesis. IQR denotes interquartile rate, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, WBC white blood cell count