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Table 1 Characteristics of the HIV-infected pregnant women and their infants

From: Progress in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection in Ukraine: results from a birth cohort study

  N (%)
Median age (range) 25.6 years (14–44)
Parity at enrolment (n = 3324)  
0 2026 (61)
1 966 (29)
≥2 332 (10)
History of pregnancy termination (n = 3325)  
0 1948 (59)
1 715 (21)
≥2 662 (20)
Age at leaving full-time education  
Median (IQR) 17 years (16–19)
Marital status (n = 3328)  
Married 1372 (41)
Cohabiting 1324 (40)
Single, divorced, widowed 632 (19)
Mode of acquisition of HIV (n = 3356)  
Injecting drug use 689 (21)
Injecting drug using partner 735 (22)
Other heterosexual contact 375 (11)
Other risk 9
No specific risk factor reported 1548 (47)
Timing of mother's first positive HIV test (n = 3356)  
Before pregnancy 893 (27)
First/second trimester 1517 (45)
Third trimester 631 (19)
In pregnancy (date not specified) 81 (2)
Delivery 234 (7)
Maternal HIV clinical stage (n = 2956)  
Asymptomatic/mild symptoms 2838 (96)
Moderate/severe symptoms 118 (4)
Gestational age (n = 3354)  
<37 weeks 298 (9)
≥37 weeks 3056 (91)
Birth weight (n = 3354)  
Median (range) 3100 g (850–5000 g)
Neonatal prophylaxis (n = 3356)  
None 484 (14)
sdNVP only 773 (23)
ZDV 1907 (57)
sdNVP and ZDV 121 (4)
Type not recorded 71 (2)