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Table 4 Sensitivity and specificity of urine analysis for detecting significantly impaired renal function

From: Renal impairment in a rural African antiretroviral programme

  Presence blood Presence Protein Presence either blood or protein
Sensitivity 0.31 (0.15–0.55) 0.27 (0.11–0.50) 0.55 (0.32–0.75)
Specificity 0.85 (0.78–0.91) 0.74 (0.65–0.81) 0.68 (0.59–0.76)
PPV 0.28 (0.13–0.49) 0.15 (0.06–0.31) 0.22 (0.13–0.19)