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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population and risk factors for default.

From: Default from tuberculosis treatment in Tashkent, Uzbekistan; Who are these defaulters and why do they default?

Variable Cases Controls Bivariate analysis Multivariate analysis
  n (%) n (%) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Sex     
   Male 89 (71) 85 (64) 1.33 (0.79–2.25)  
   Female 37 (29) 47 (36) 1.0*  
Age groups     
   18–24 19 (15) 30 (23) 1.0*  
   25–34 33 (26) 31 (24) 1.63 (0.76–3.48)  
   35–44 30 (24) 27 (20) 1.75 (0.81–3.81)  
   45–54 23 (18) 27 (20) 1.35 (0.60–2.99)  
   55–64 12 (10) 10 (8) 1.89 (0.69–5.24)  
   65+ 9 (7) 7 (5) 2.03 (0.65–6.36)  
Civil state     
   Married 64 (51) 74 (56) 1,0*  
   Single 35 (28) 37 (28) 1.09 (0.62 – 1.94)  
   Widowed 8 (6) 5 (4) 1.85 (0.58 – 5.94)  
   Divorced 13 (10) 7 (5) 2.15 (0.81 – 5.71)  
Occupation     
   Employed by government 15 (12) 31 (24) 1.0* 1.0*
   Employed in private sector 7 (6) 6 (5) 2.41 (0.69 – 8.44) 2.63 (0.73 – 9.57)
   Self-employed 10 (8) 13 (10) 1.59 (0.57 – 4.45) 1.74 (0.60 – 5.09)
   Unemployed 56 (44) 46 (35) 2.52 (1,21 – 5.22) 2.73 (1.28 – 5.86)
   Pensioner 22 (18) 15 (11) 3.03 (1.23 – 7.46) 4.07 (1.57 – 10.52)
   Pupil or student 4 (3) 10 (8) 0.83 (0.22 – 3.07) 0.98 (0.25 – 3.73)
   House wife 11 (9) 11 (8) 2.07 (0.73 – 5.84) 2.15 (0.73 – 6.31)
Risk factors for Default     
   HIV infection 6 (5) 8 (6) 0.78 (0.26 – 2.30)  
   Other concomitant disease 28 (22) 32 (24) 0.89 (0.50 – 1.59)  
   History of imprisonment 12 (10) 5 (4) 2.67 (0.91 – 7.82)  
   Homelessness 6 (5) 0 n.a.  
   Alcohol abuse 17 (14) 4 (3) 4.99 (1.63 – 15.28) 6.01 (1.68 – 19.47)
   Migrant 1 (1) 0 n.a.  
   Intravenous drug user 2 (2) 2 (2) 1.05 (0.15 – 7.56)  
Type of pulmonary TB     
   Smear negative 94(75) 80 (61)   
   Smear positive 32 (25) 52 (39) 0.57 (0.33 – 0.97) 0.42 (0.24 – 0.75)
  1. * Used as reference