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Table 1 Characteristics of survey participants

From: HIV Testing and Care in Canadian Aboriginal Youth: A community based mixed methods study

Variablea,b n = 413 %
Age (Mean ± SD years) range 15–30 years 21.5 ± 4.4
   Male 47.0
   Female 52.8
   Transgender 0.2
Aboriginal background  
   First Nations Status 56.2
   First Nations Non Status 6.8
   Métis 20.8
   Inuit 10.7
   Inuvaluit 2.2
   Other 1.7
Languages spoken by youth  
   English 97.8
   Aboriginal Language 13.1
   French 22.0
Sexual Identification  
   Heterosexual or straight 84.7
   Gay/lesbian/two-spirit/bisexual 13.1
   Other 1.5
Marital status  
   Single 69.2
   Common-law relationship 20.3
   Married 3.6
   Separated/divorced/widowed 3.4
   Grade 8 or less 10.7
   Some high school 49.9
   Completed high school 16.2
   College/university 7.8
   Some post secondary 14.6
Religion and spirituality  
   Followed a religion 41.4
   Followed traditional Aboriginal practices 41.0
Place of residence  
   Living in urban centre, population > 10,000 64.4
   Own home/apartment 35.8
   Parents' home 31.0
   Friend's home 9.7
   Rooming house 3.1
   Shelter or safe house 4.4
   Hotel 3.4
   Homeless 4.6
   Other living arrangement 8.2
Income Sourcesc  
   Had job 37.3
   Social support/welfare 29.3
Several sources of income 16.4
   No income 6.5
HIV testing  
   Tested for HIV 50.8
   Tested positive (among those tested) 12.4
  1. a Certain variables do not add up to 100% as only some sub-variables are shown. Many variables have missing data as participants could choose not to answer the survey questions or answer more than once per question.
  2. b Four hundred and thirteen (413) Aboriginal youth from Vancouver, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Ottawa, Toronto, Montreal, Halifax, Labrador and Inuvik completed the survey.
  3. c As many of these youth were in the process of obtaining an education, it is expected that the reported level of education and personal (not household) income are variable indicators of life circumstances.