Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of Medicaid patients with an upper respiratory tract infection (URI) episode (n = 69,936)

From: Concurrent acute illness and comorbid conditions poorly predict antibiotic use in upper respiratory tract infections: a cross-sectional analysis

Characteristic Number (%)
Age (years)  
   0–5 20,213 (28.9%)
   6–21 21,843 (31.2%)
   22–44 17,125 (24.5%)
   45 and older 10,755 (15.4%)
Gender  
   Male 26,602 (38.0%)
   Female 43,334 (62.0%)
Race  
   White 58,663 (83.9%)
   Nonwhite 11,273 (16.1%)
Number of URI episodes in one year  
   1 46,765 (66.9%)
   2 13,839 (19.8%)
   3 or more 9,332 (13.3%)
Diagnosis of index URI episode  
   Acute bronchitis 19,344 (27.7%)
   Common cold 1,818 (2.6%)
   Influenza with respiratory symptoms 1,682 (2.4%)
   Acute URI, other sites or not specified 47,092 (67.3%)
Presence of concurrent acute illnesses  
   Any acute condition 10,012 (14%)
   Otitis media 5,505 (8)
   Acute sinusitis 2,373 (3)
   Chronic sinusitis 1,023 (1)
   Pneumonia 575 (< 1)
   Strep pharyngitis 540 (< 1)
   Cellulitis 117 (< 1)
   Urinary tract infection 68 (< 1)
   Bacteremia 13 (< 1)
History of chronic comorbid conditions*  
   Yes 1,763 (2.5%)
   No 68,173 (97.5%)
Physician specialty for index URI episode  
   Family practice, general practice or internal medicine 28,320 (40.5%)
   Pediatrics 4,139 (5.9%)
   Emergency medicine 4,411 (6.3%)
   Other specialty 33,066 (47.3%)
Season of index URI episode  
   Winter 24,575 (35.1%)
   Spring 15,786 (22.6%)
   Summer 10,650 (15.2%)
   Fall 18,925 (27.1%)
  1. * One or more claims with a diagnosis of chronic bronchitis, immunodeficiency including HIV/AIDS, solid organ transplant or malignancy, one year prior to the index URI episode.