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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of the study population by clinical HIV status

From: Clinical characteristics and initial management of patients with tuberculous pericarditis in the HIV era: the Investigation of the Management of Pericarditis in Africa (IMPI Africa) registry

  Clinical HIV disease No clinical HIV disease P
Number of patients 74 (40) 111 (60)  
Age (median, range), years 36 (18–87) 32 (15–79) 0.14
Gender    
    Men 42 (40.8) 61 (59.2)  
    Women 32 (39.0) 50 (61.0) 0.81
Region    
    Eastern Cape, SA+ 20 (34.5) 38 (65.5)  
    Western Cape, SA 11 (31.4) 24 (68.6)  
    Ibadan, Nigeria 6 (19.4) 25 (80.6) 0.0001
    KwaZulu Natal, SA 11 (47.8) 12 (52.2)  
    Gauteng, SA 11 (52.4) 10 (47.6)  
    Yaoundé, Cameroon 15 (88.2) 2 (11.8)  
Pericardial syndrome    
    Acute 1 (14.3) 6 (85.7)  
    Effusion 65 (44.2) 82 (55.8)  
    Effusive-constrictive 8 (28.6) 20 (71.4)  
    Constrictive 0 (0.0) 3 (100.0) 0.09
NYHA++ Functional Class    
    I 8 (20.5) 31 (79.5)  
    II 27 (39.1) 42 (60.9)  
    III 20 (42.6) 26 (57.4)  
    IV 19 (63.3) 11 (36.7) 0.004
Haemodynamic instability**    
    Yes 24 (49.0) 25 (51.0)  
    No 50 (36.8) 86 (63.2) 0.13
Tamponade requiring centesis 17 (44.7) 21 (55.2) 0.97
  1. Values are median (range) and absolute counts (percentages)
  2. +SA, South Africa; ++NYHA, New York Heart Association (I, No limitation of physical activity; II, Slight limitation of physical activity; III, Marked limitation of physical activity; and IV, Unable to carry out any physical activity without discomfort); **Pulse rate more than 100 bpm, Systolic blood pressure less than 100 mmHg and or tamponade requiring centesis.