Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Persistence of clinically relevant bacteria on dry inanimate surfaces.

From: How long do nosocomial pathogens persist on inanimate surfaces? A systematic review

Type of bacterium Duration of persistence (range) Reference(s)
Acinetobacter spp. 3 days to 5 months [18, 25, 28, 29, 87, 88]
Bordetella pertussis 3 – 5 days [89, 90]
Campylobacter jejuni up to 6 days [91]
Clostridium difficile (spores) 5 months [92–94]
Chlamydia pneumoniae, C. trachomatis ≤ 30 hours [14, 95]
Chlamydia psittaci 15 days [90]
Corynebacterium diphtheriae 7 days – 6 months [90, 96]
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis 1–8 days [21]
Escherichia coli 1.5 hours – 16 months [12, 16, 17, 22, 28, 52, 90, 97–99]
Enterococcus spp. including VRE and VSE 5 days – 4 months [9, 26, 28, 100, 101]
Haemophilus influenzae 12 days [90]
Helicobacter pylori ≤ 90 minutes [23]
Klebsiella spp. 2 hours to > 30 months [12, 16, 28, 52, 90]
Listeria spp. 1 day – months [15, 90, 102]
Mycobacterium bovis > 2 months [13, 90]
Mycobacterium tuberculosis 1 day – 4 months [30, 90]
Neisseria gonorrhoeae 1 – 3 days [24, 27, 90]
Proteus vulgaris 1 – 2 days [90]
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 6 hours – 16 months; on dry floor: 5 weeks [12, 16, 28, 52, 99, 103, 104]
Salmonella typhi 6 hours – 4 weeks [90]
Salmonella typhimurium 10 days – 4.2 years [15, 90, 105]
Salmonella spp. 1 day [52]
Serratia marcescens 3 days – 2 months; on dry floor: 5 weeks [12, 90]
Shigella spp. 2 days – 5 months [90, 106, 107]
Staphylococcus aureus, including MRSA 7 days – 7 months [9, 10, 16, 52, 99, 108]
Streptococcus pneumoniae 1 – 20 days [90]
Streptococcus pyogenes 3 days – 6.5 months [90]
Vibrio cholerae 1 – 7 days [90, 109]