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Table 4 Prevalence of HIV and BV in symptomatic women, by douching, menstrual hygiene protection method and female genital cutting

From: Bacterial vaginosis, vaginal flora patterns and vaginal hygiene practices in patients presenting with vaginal discharge syndrome in The Gambia, West Africa

  Prevalence of BV (Nugent's score 7–10)           Prevalence of HIV          
  n/N % P-value 4 n/N % P-value 4
Douching 1
No 12/22 54.5 0.507 3/22 13.6 1.000
Yes 94/202 46.5   24/185 13.0  
Menstrual hygiene protection method
Traditional2 70/138 50.7 0.323 17/129 13.2 1.000
Sanitary pads 34/79 43.0   9/71 12.7  
Female genital cutting 3
No 38/68 55.9 0.146 12/63 19.1 0.115
Yes 70/157 44.6   15/145 10.3  
BV
No     12/110 10.9 0.414
Yes     15/100 15.0  
  1. 1 Douching before and/or after sexual intercourse.
  2. 2 Old cloths washed and re-used as necessary.
  3. 3 Also known as "female circumcision"; in the Gambia, the type of female cutting belongs to WHO classification Type II, i.e. removal of all/part of the clitoris and labia minora.
  4. 4 P-values from Fisher's Exact Test.