Volume 14 Supplement 7

Proceedings of the 10th Edition of the Scientific Days of the National Institute for Infectious Diseases "Prof Dr Matei Bals"

Open Access

Pulmonary, ocular and cutaneous Kaposi sarcoma in a HIV-infected patient

  • Mihaela Ionică1Email author,
  • Șerban Benea1,
  • Alina Cozma1,
  • Lia Cavaropol1 and
  • Elisabeta Benea1
BMC Infectious Diseases201414(Suppl 7):P95

https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-14-S7-P95

Published: 15 October 2014

Background

Pulmonary Kaposi sarcoma involvement is frequent in HIV-infected patients, and the diagnosis is more difficult in severe immunosuppressed. On the other hand, HIV-infected patients tend to develop malignant tumors, such as Kaposi sarcoma. Although cutaneous involvement is the most common manifestation, extracutaneous involvement is also possible.

Case report

We present the case of a 33 year-old male patient, HIV infected, with virological failure, who also had cutaneous (proved by histopathological exam of a cutaneous specimen) and ocular Kaposi sarcoma, prolonged fever and some pulmonary symptoms: cough, dyspnea, hypoxemia. Using bronchoscopy and pulmonary CT scan, we were able to diagnose the pulmonary involvement of Kaposi sarcoma.

Conclusion

Initial antibiotic and later antifungal therapy did not improve the pulmonary symptomatology (chest X-ray revealed bilateral bronchopneumonia); the evolution was slowly favorable only after the optimal control of HIV infection by antiretroviral therapy.

Consent

Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this Case report and any accompanying images. A copy of the written consent is available for review by the Editor of this journal.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
National Institute for Infectious Diseases "Prof. Dr. Matei Balş"

Copyright

© Ionică et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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