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Molecular characterization of Pseudomonas sp. isolated from lower respiratory tract infection in HIV and non-HIV population by 16S rDNA and ARDRA


P. aeruginosa an important pathogen causing lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) both in HIV and non-HIV population. Molecular characterization of Pseudomonas spp. helps in better understanding of their clonal distribution among these patient populations. Our study aims to discriminate and generate highly specific fingerprints using 16S-rDNA PCR and amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis (ARDRA) techniques.


Seventy-two isolates (45-HIV, 24-Non-HIV, 2-environmental, 1-ATCC) of Pseudomonas spp. were subjected to 16SrDNA PCR using universal primers and amplicons digested with Hae III, Alu I and Rsa I for ARDRA analysis. Nucleic acid size confirmation of the digested amplicons was done using MultiNA Bioanalyser. Phylogenetic tree was constructed by maximum parsimonious method using MEGA 4.0. Representative isolates from the major clones were sequenced and submitted to genbank for accession numbers and genetic relatedness was identified by UPGMA using NTSYS 1.80 software. Mean genetic distance (GD) and intraspecies mean GD were calculated.


Based on ARDRA banding pattern, 14 groups and 10 clones were obtained from the 72 pseudomonas isolates with the following accession numbers: JF279962-64, JF303639-45. Sequences showed 97-100% similarity with known P. aeruginosa, P.putida, P.stutzeri, Alcaligenes feacalis strains by BLASTN analysis. The overall mean GD and intra-species GD of the various species was as follows: P. aeruginosa (JF279962, JF279963, JF303643, JF279964, JF303645, JF303644): 4.664, 16.663, 7.536, 0.733, 0.096, 2.402 and 0.221, 3.487, 2.010, 0.029, 2.728, 0.011;P.putida(JF303640, JF303639):11.904, 7.3 and 1.064, 1.371; P.stutzeri (JF303641) is 2.732, 0.036; Alcaligenes feacalis (JF303642) : 30.248, 5.377 respectively.


The highly variable mean GD values amongst the isolates from different and within the same species indicates high genetic diversity among Pseudomonas spp causing LRTI among HIV and Non HIV patients.

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Correspondence to C Anitha.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Anitha, C., Kabilan, S., Rajinish, N. et al. Molecular characterization of Pseudomonas sp. isolated from lower respiratory tract infection in HIV and non-HIV population by 16S rDNA and ARDRA. BMC Infect Dis 14 (Suppl 3), P17 (2014).

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