- Poster presentation
- Open Access
Opportunistic infections in HIV positive patients in Bahrain in 4 years study 2009-2013
BMC Infectious Diseases volume 14, Article number: P54 (2014)
This study aimed to examine the prevalence of opportunistic infections in HIV-infected patients in Bahrain and related them to the absolute CD4 count, CD4% and CD4/CD8 ratio.
The research was a retrospective, cohort study using laboratory records from a major hospital in Bahrain, from January 2009 to May 2013. Opportunistic infections (OIs) and absolute CD4 count, CD4% and CD4/CD8 ratio were recorded for every patient.
CD4% and absolute CD4 count in HIV patients with associated infections was significantly lower than in those without associated infections (P< 0.001) but there was no significant difference in CD4/CD8 Ratio between the two groups. Infection with Staphylococcus aureus was the commonest encountered infections and present in 9.8% % of total AIDS patients and 28.7% of AIDS patient group who had OIs; followed by yeast infections (9.2% and 27.2% respectively). Mycobacterium tuberculosis was present in 3.6% of total AIDS patients and 10.6% of the group with OIs while Mycobacterium Other Than Tuberculosis (MOTT) was present in 2.5% and 7.5% respectively. Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) was observed in 5.1% and 15.1% respectively. The least bacterial infections observed were Streptococcus penumoniae, Streptococcus melleri, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, & Citrobacter species. Herpes simplex II (HSV-II) was the commonest OIs observed while Cytomegalovirus antigenemia was only present in 2% and 6% respectively.
Studying the pattern of OIs in HIV-infected patients in Bahrain is of paramount importance due to scarcity of data in the Arab worlds. This help to improve physician's awareness to improve care of AIDS patients.
About this article
Cite this article
Saeed, N., Farid, E. & Jamsheer, A.E. Opportunistic infections in HIV positive patients in Bahrain in 4 years study 2009-2013. BMC Infect Dis 14 (Suppl 2), P54 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-14-S2-P54
- Herpes Simplex
- Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
- Opportunistic Infection
- Arab World