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BMC Infectious Diseases

Open Access

Opportunistic digestive parasitic infections in adults infected with HIV: epidemiological expression

  • L Badaoui1,
  • G Dabo1,
  • R Bensghir1,
  • I Halim1,
  • M Soussi Abdallaoui1,
  • A Chakibi1 and
  • K El Filahi Marhoum1
BMC Infectious Diseases201414(Suppl 2):P39

https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-14-S2-P39

Published: 23 May 2014

Introduction

In Morocco as in many African countries, AIDS and its procession of opportunistic infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The purpose of study was to determine the frequency of digestive opportunistic parasitosis in patients infected with HIV.

Materials and methods

A retroprospective study conducted 20 months in the department of infectious diseases. Were included all patients infected with HIV and opportunistic intestinal parasitosis confirmed in EPS. Data were collected on computer files (Nadis) and analyzed on Epi Info.

Results

Among the 70 patients involved, the average age was 37 years with a slight male predominance. The median CD4 was 62cel/mm ³. Digestive opportunistic parasitic were indicative of HIV infection in 54 cases (77%) and in 16 cases (23%) they occurred at the waning of treatment failure. All patients had diarrhea. These opportunistic parasitic agents were isolated only in 56 cases: the cryptosporidiosis (40%), microsporidia (31%), Isospora belli (6%) and Cyclospora (3%). They were associated in 14 cases including Cryptosporidiosis+ Microsporidiosis (18.57%) and Cryptosporidiosis+ Isosporiasis (1.43%) in HARRT the outcome was favorable for 86% of patients (n = 60) and mortality was 14% (n=10).

Conclusion

Opportunistic digestive parasites remain common in our context because of late diagnosis of HIV / AIDS. Early detection of HIV will prevent them.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Ibn Rochd University Hospital

Copyright

© Badaoui et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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