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Characteristics of men who have sex with men (MSM) who tested for HIV while donating blood in Latvia


In 2005, Latvia lifted the ban on blood donation for men who have sex with men (MSM). The prevalence of HIV infection in blood donations since then has been stable (around 0.02%), though it is higher than the European average (0.009% in 2006). We aim at describing the MSM who report that their last HIV test was done while donating blood (WDB) to approach the role of MSM in the donor blood safety.


We used the Latvian dataset from the European MSM Internet Survey (EMIS, 2010). We compared the MSM who had their last HIV test WDB with those who had their last HIV test elsewhere in terms of socio-demographic and behavioral factors using Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests.


Of 708 EMIS respondents in Latvia, 346 (49.8%) ever tested for HIV and of these, 46 (13.3%) received their last HIV test WDB. Reactive HIV test were lower among MSM who reported having last test WDB than elsewhere (4% vs. 8% p=0.292). Respondents below 25 years, MSM self-identified as bisexual rather than gay and MSM who were less open about their sexual orientation were more likely to have their last HIV test WDB (25% vs. 11%, p=0.003; 22% vs. 11%, p=0.066; 15% vs. 5.5% p=0.061, respectively). There was no difference in terms of reported risk behavior. Only one respondent who received last HIV test WDB (2%) reported having the opportunity to discuss sexual practices before the test while they were 48 (16%) among those tested elsewhere (p=0.047).


MSM donate blood and the prevalence of HIV infection in blood donation from MSM might be higher than from general population. MSM who donate blood are younger, self-identified as bisexual and not open about their sexual orientation. More attention is needed to evaluate their sexual risk behaviors in a sensitive and acceptable way during the pre-donation interview.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Mozalevskis, A., Karnite, A. Characteristics of men who have sex with men (MSM) who tested for HIV while donating blood in Latvia. BMC Infect Dis 14 (Suppl 2), P10 (2014).

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