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Long-term protection of hepatitis B vaccine in HIV-infected patients

Aim

Many studies reported in HIV-positive patients 50% of hepatitis B vaccine response with a duration of protection between 24 and 36 months. The aim of our study is to determine the long term protection in our HIV patients who responded to a standard immunization schedule.

Materials and methods

Our database NADIS allows us to collect information from March 1986 to October 2013 (gender, age, CD4 count, HIVRNA and Hepatitis B surface antibody titers = HBs Ab > 10 IU / L.)

Patients were included gradually after 3 Engerix B 20 hepatitis B vaccines at day 1, one month and 6 months later, conferring a rate of HBs ab > 10 IU /L. Then we observed the duration of protection from the initial response.

Results

Among 403 HIV patients who responded to HBV, 298 were men (74%) vs 105 women (26%). The median age was 36 years. We observed a progressive decline in HBs ab titer until <10 IU/ L. At 24 months 74.7% (n=223) men remained protected vs 79.2% (n=83) women. At 60 months. 33.1% (n=99) men lost their HB protection vs 27.7% (n=29) women (LR = 0,11 NS).

At 84 months and over 120 months, 34.7% (n=103) and 39.1% (n=117) men lost their HB protection vs 35.8% (n=38) and 38.2% women (n=40).

Conclusions

Long term HBV protection was observed in the majority of our HIV patients. One third had lost their HBs ab after 2 years, and require HB boost injections. We are thinking of using an adjuvanted HB vaccine as a booster to provide a sustained protection. We will also study factors associated with the loss of HBV protection.

Figure 1
figure1

Duration of HBV protection (months)

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Correspondence to R Biekre.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Biekre, R., Lasfar, N.B., Viget, N. et al. Long-term protection of hepatitis B vaccine in HIV-infected patients. BMC Infect Dis 14, O7 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-14-S2-O7

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Keywords

  • Hepatitis
  • Antibody Titer
  • Initial Response
  • Progressive Decline
  • Immunization Schedule