Long-term protection of hepatitis B vaccine in HIV-infected patients
© Biekre et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 23 May 2014
Many studies reported in HIV-positive patients 50% of hepatitis B vaccine response with a duration of protection between 24 and 36 months. The aim of our study is to determine the long term protection in our HIV patients who responded to a standard immunization schedule.
Materials and methods
Our database NADIS allows us to collect information from March 1986 to October 2013 (gender, age, CD4 count, HIVRNA and Hepatitis B surface antibody titers = HBs Ab > 10 IU / L.)
Patients were included gradually after 3 Engerix B 20 hepatitis B vaccines at day 1, one month and 6 months later, conferring a rate of HBs ab > 10 IU /L. Then we observed the duration of protection from the initial response.
Among 403 HIV patients who responded to HBV, 298 were men (74%) vs 105 women (26%). The median age was 36 years. We observed a progressive decline in HBs ab titer until <10 IU/ L. At 24 months 74.7% (n=223) men remained protected vs 79.2% (n=83) women. At 60 months. 33.1% (n=99) men lost their HB protection vs 27.7% (n=29) women (LR = 0,11 NS).
At 84 months and over 120 months, 34.7% (n=103) and 39.1% (n=117) men lost their HB protection vs 35.8% (n=38) and 38.2% women (n=40).
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.