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Table 3 Hierarchical logistic regression of forms of TB and sociodemographic characteristics, Brazil, 2007 – 2011

From: Epidemiology of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in Brazil: a hierarchical model

Level Characteristics   OR * CI (95%) **
Level 1 Gender Female Reference
   Male 0.77 0.76 – 0.78
  Age 0 – 14 years old 2.52 2.39 – 2.65
   15 – 24 years old 0.76 0.74 – 0.78
   25 – 34 years old Reference
   35 – 44 years old 1.11 1.08 – 1.14
   45 – 54 years old 0.99 0.96 – 1.02
   55 – 64 years old 1.00 0.96 – 1.03
   >60 years old 1.13 1.09 – 1.17
  Skin color/race White Reference
   Black 0.75 0.72 – 0.77
   Brown 0.75 0.73 – 0.77
   Asian 0.82 0.75 – 0.90
   Indigenous 0.63 0.57 – 0.70
  Education Illiterate Reference
   1 – 4 years 1.49 1.39 – 1.58
   5 – 8 years 2.00 1.88 – 2.13
   9 – 12 years 3.09 2.90 – 3.29
   >12 years 4.93 4.61 – 5.28
   Non-applicable 2.19 2.07 – 2.33
Level 2 Dwelling Urban Reference
   Rural 0.82 0.79 – 0.85
   Peri-urban 0.89 0.78 – 1.01
  Institutionalization No Reference
   Yes 0.61 0.59 – 0.64
  1. *OR: Odds Ratio of EPTB outcomes compared to PTB **CI: confidence interval.
  2. HIV/AIDS: human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. EPTB: extrapulmonary tuberculosis. PTB: pulmonary tuberculosis.