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Table 3 Pooled prevalence estimates of Salmonella in patients that sought medical attention and in carriers

From: Prevalence of human Salmonellosis in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Group Untransformed data Logit transformed datac
Prevalence (95% CI) I2, p valued Prevalence (95%CI ) I2, p valued
Diarrheal patientsa 8.22 (5.75, 10.69) 87.3, 0.000 7.93 (5.30, 11.70) 90.8, 0.000
Diarrheal adults 5.58 (3.99, 7.17) 44.6, 0.164 5.68 (4.26, 7.53) 49.3, 0.139
Diarrheal children 9.97(-0.41, 20.36) 96.7, 0.000 8.72 (2.64, 25.18) 97.5, 0.000
Febrile adults 0.66 (0.19, 1.13) 0.0, 0.424 0.76 (0.41, 1.40) 0.0, 0.516
Febrile children 5.66 (2.52, 8.80) 64.4, 0.094 5.71 (3.31, 9.68) 70.5, 0.066
Over all carriers 1.08 (0.61, 1.55) 83.7, 0.000 2.75 (1.23, 6.17) 76.1, 0.000
Food handlers 1.09(0.73, 1.44) 79.2, 0.002 1.33 (0.75, 2.36) 0.0, 0.793
Othersb 6.45 (3.97, 8.92) 0.0, 0.562 6.83 (4.69, 9.85) 0.0, 0.391
  1. aDiarrheal adults and children.
  2. bIndividuals in contact with animal products or animals.
  3. cThe pooled prevalence estimates of the logit transformed data were the summary measures.
  4. dThe p values are estimated by the Cochran’s Q test.