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Table 2 Comparison of demographic characteristics associated with S. aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) nasal colonization among children attending public daycare centers in Niterói, Brazil

From: High prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureuscolonization among healthy children attending public daycare centers in informal settlements in a large urban center in Brazil

Risk factor   S. aureusnasal carriage MRSA carriage
   Yes No p-value Yes No p-value
Gender Male 121 135 0.736 13 243 0.287
Female 119 125 18 226
Older than 36 months No 55 86 0.011 8 133 0.760
Yes 185 174 23 336
Attending DCC for more than 12 months No 93 135 0.002 11 217 0.195
Yes 136 110   19 227  
ß-Lactam antibiotic use in the previous thirty days No 180 212 0.057 10 375 0.003
Yes 45 33 17 68
Hospitalization in the previous twelve months No 196 57 0.599 28 398 0.932
Yes 24 230 3 45
Cohabitant hospitalized in the previous twelve months No 219 231 0.440 26 424 0.223
Yes 21 28 5 44
Cohabitant is an employee at a health care facility No 211 235 0.969 31 415 0.077
Yes 20 22 0 415
Mother has not completed primary education (1–8 years) No 76 102 0.088 11 167 0.936
Yes 136 131 17 250
Household income less than two times minimum wage No 151 172 0.597 20 303 0.839
Yes 59 60 8 111
More than five household cohabitants No 167 173 0.060 18 322 0.221
Yes 67 93 13 147
Shared fomites at home (bed, clothing, towels) No 67 86 0.222 9 144 0.839
Yes 172 174 22 324
Daycare center located in aglomerado subnormal (AGSN) census tract No 182 230 < 0.001 19 393 < 0.001
Yes 58 30 12 76
Time sampled (months after initial sampling) ≤ 6 m 100 78 0.006 15 163 0.125
> 6 m 140 182 16 306
Residence located within 50 m of AGSN census tract No 102 103 0.792 14 191 0.553
Yes 73 78   8 143