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Table 3 Factors associated with the presence of any cytopenia

From: Prevalence and correlates of cytopenias in HIV-infected adults initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy in Uganda

Results of uni- and multivariable log-binomial regression models
Covariate Univariable (n = 400) Multivariable‡ (n = 397*)
  PR (95% CI) p value PR (95% CI) p value
Sex     
  Male 1   1  
  Female 1.21 (1.01 to 1.43) 0.035 1.33 (1.12 to 1.59) 0.002
CD4 count cells/μl     
  <50 1   1  
  50 to < 200 0.73 (0.63 to 0.85) <˂0.001 0.75 (0.64 to 0.88) <0.001
  200 to < 350 0.70 (0.57 to 0.86) 0.001 0.74 (0.59 to 0.92) 0.007
  ≥ 350 0.79 (0.52 to 1.19) 0.256 0.77 (0.50 to 1.19) 0.245
BMI     
  under weight 1   1  
  normal 0.79 (0.67 to 0.95) 0.011 0.82 (0.68 to 1.00) 0.045
  over weight 0.65 (0.51 to 0.82) <0.001 0.64 (0.50 to 0.82) <0.001
  Incomplete information* - - - -
Presence/history of oral candidiasis    
  No 1    
  Yes 1.21 (1.04 to 1.40) 0.012   
HAART status at recruitment    
  Not using HAART 1    
  AZT-based HAART 0.98 (0.68 to 1.42) 0.917   
  Non-AZT based HAART 0.91 (0.78 to 1.05) 0.193   
Age, years     
  18 to < 30 1    
  30 to < 35 1.11 (0.90 to 1.36) 0.341   
  35 to < 41 1.01 (0.83 to 1.24) 0.899   
  ≥ 41 1.01 (0.82 to 1.24) 0.936   
Presence/history of fever     
  No 1    
  Yes 1.04 (0.90 to 1.21) 0.565   
  1. Multivariable model only includes the variables where data are shown because all others were lacking significance.
  2. *Three participants with missing BMI could not be included in the log-binomial regression model because the outcome did not vary, thus n = 397 for multivariable analysis and for BMI in univariable analysis.