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Table 4 Multivariable risk factor analysis for cholera compared to shigellosis among patients ≥ 5 years old hospitalized for diarrhea, icddr,b hospitals, Bangladesh, 2000–2008

From: Risk factors for diarrhea hospitalization in Bangladesh, 2000–2008: a case-case study of cholera and shigellosis

  Rural multivariablea Urban multivariablea
(n = 1,507) (n = 2,203)
RR 95% CI RR 95% CI
Sociodemographic     
Education b     
  None 1   1  
  1-5 years 0.85 (0.78-0.92) 0.97 (0.93-1.02)
  6-9 years 0.86 (0.76-0.97) 0.96 (0.91-1.01)
  >9 years 0.61 (0.40-0.93) 0.84 (0.75-0.94)
Other potential correlates     
Family member with diarrhea in past week 1.17 (1.09-1.26) -  
  1. aAdjusted for a priori confounders (age and season) and other predictors in the model.
  2. bEducation of patient for those ≥15 years of age; education of mother for those <15 years old. There is statistical evidence of decreasing risk with increasing levels of education in both settings (P < 0.001).