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Table 1 Baseline demographic, parasitological and clinical characteristics of study sample 1 (257 schoolchildren) in Niablé, eastern Côte dIvoire in December 2012

From: Effect of deworming on school-aged children’s physical fitness, cognition and clinical parameters in a malaria-helminth co-endemic area of Côte d’Ivoire

Characteristic Total (n = 257) Females (n = 134) Males (n = 123)
Age (years)    
  Mean (range) 10.6 (5–14) 10.6 (5–14) 10.7 (7–14)
  Age group 5–9, no. of children (%) 65 (25.3) 37 (27.6) 28 (22.8)
  Age group 10–14, no. of children (%) 192 (74.7) 97 (72.4) 95 (77.2)
School grade    
  4 48 (18.7) 26 (19.4) 22 (17.9)
  5 115 (44.8) 63 (47.0) 52 (42.3)
  6 94 (36.6) 45 (33.6) 49 (39.8)
Infection with P. falciparum    
  No. of children infected (%) 234 (91.1) 119 (88.8) 115 (93.5)
  Parasitaemia, mean no. of parasites/μl of blood(log-transformed) 1,254 (6.2) 1,085 (6.2) 1,429 (6.2)
Infection with P. malariae    
  No. of children infected (%) 21 (8.2) 14 (10.5) 7 (5.7)
  Parasitaemia, mean no. of parasites/μl (log-transformed) 1,037 (6.5) 972 (6.6) 1,167 (6.3)
Infection with S. mansoni    
  No. of children infected (%)** 91 (35.4) 25 (18.7) 66 (53.7)
  Infection intensity, no. of children infected (%)    
   Light (1–99 EPG) 49 (53.9) 15 (60.0) 34 (51.5)
   Moderate (100–399 EPG) 33 (36.3) 9 (36.0) 24 (36.4)
   Heavy (≥ 400 EPG) 9 (9.9) 1 (4.0) 8 (12.1)
Infection with soil-transmitted helminths#    
  Hookworm, no. of children infected (%)** 25 (9.7) 2 (1.5) 23 (18.7)
  T. trichiura, no. of children infected (%) 2 (0.8) 1 (0.8) 1 (0.8)
  A. lumbricoides, no. of children infected (%) 1 (0.4) 1 (0.8) 0 (0.0)
Infection with pathogenic intestinal protozoa    
  G. intestinalis, no. of children infected (%) 38 (14.8) 16 (11.9) 22 (17.9)
  E. histolytica/E. dispar, no. of children infected (%) 11 (4.3) 5 (3.7) 6 (4.9)
Major co-infections    
  Plasmodium spp. + helminth, no. of children co-infected (%)** 97 (37.7) 27 (20.2) 70 (56.9)
  Plasmodium spp. + pathogenic intestinal protozoa, no. of children co-infected (%) 44 (17.1) 19 (14.2) 25 (20.3)
  P. falciparum + S. mansoni, no. of children co-infected (%)** 86 (33.5) 23 (17.2) 63 (51.2)
Haemoglobin levels and anaemia    
  Hb, mean (SD), g/l* 120.2 (13.6) 122.3 (13.0) 118.0 (13.9)
  Anaemia, no. of children (%) 89 (34.6) 40 (29.9) 49 (39.8)
Malnutrition    
  Any form of malnutrition (Z ≤ −2), no. of children (%) 84 (32.7) 45 (33.6) 39 (31.7)
  Stunting H/A, no. of children (%)    
   Moderate to severe (Z-score ≤ −2) 35 (13.6) 20 (14.9) 15 (12.2)
  Wasting BMI/A, no. of children (%)    
  Moderate to severe (Z-score ≤ −2) 59 (23.0) 30 (22.4) 29 (23.6)
Underweight W/A§, no. of children (%)    
  Moderate to severe (Z-score ≤ −2)* 9 (13.9) 8 (21.6) 1 (3.6)
  1. #All soil-transmitted helminth infections were of light intensity.
  2. §Assessed for children under the age of 10 years; n = 65 (37 females; 28 males).
  3. */** Statistically significant difference between males and females (*p < 0.05; **p < 0.001).
  4. Statistically significant differences are highlighted in bold.