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Table 4 Comparing disease incidence and hospitalization rates, (as episodes/person-year of observation (pyo)) for first-time testers in the years before and after HBCT in, I) HIV-infected individuals enrolled for HIV care, II) HIV-infected individuals not in HIV care, III) HIV-uninfected individuals, western Kenya, 2007 – 2010

From: The impact of home-based HIV counseling and testing on care-seeking and incidence of common infectious disease syndromes in rural western Kenya

  I II III  
HIV-infected and enrolled for HIV care (n = 351) HIV-infected and not enrolled for HIV care (n = 347) HIV-uninfected group (n = 5668)
  Episodes/pyo Episodes/pyo Episodes/pyo Ratio of rate ratio
(95% CI)
Syndrome Pre-HBCT Post-HBCT Rate ratio (95% CI) Pre-HBCT Post-HBCT Rate ratio (95% CI) Pre-HBCT Post-HBCT ratio Rate (95% CI) I vs II I vs III
ARI 4.42 4.30 0.97 (0.89 – 1.06) 4.30 3.72 0.86 (0.70 – 1.06) 3.92 3.57 0.91 (0.87 – 0.95) 1.13 (0.83 – 1.53) 1.07 (0.79 –1.43)
SARI 0.06 0.03 0.46 (0.14 – 1.52) 0.05 0.02 0.32 (0.03 – 3.09) 0.02 0.01 0.46 (0.23 – 0.93) 1.44 (0.90 – 2.33) 1.00 (0.66 –1.54)
AFI 4.97 4.18 0.84 (0.77 – 0.91) 3.51 3.58 1.02 (0.82 – 1.27) 3.35 3.62 1.08 (1.03 – 1.14) 0.82 (0.74 – 0.90) 0.77 (0.70 –0.85)
Diarrhea 1.38 1.16 0.84 (0.73 – 0.98) 0.95 0.95 1.00 (0.67 – 1.51) 0.81 0.74 0.92 (0.85 – 0.99) 0.84 (0.76 – 0.92) 0.91 (0.83 – 1.00)
Hospitalization from any cause 0.07 0.19 2.57 (1.59 – 4.16) 0.08 0.15 1.74 (0.76 – 3.98) 0.04 0.05 1.27 (1.00 – 1.61) 1.48 (1.00 – 1.61) 2.02 (1.18 – 3.46)
  1. ARI = Acute respiratory illness. SARI = Severe Acute Respiratory Illness. AFI = Acute febrile illness.