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Table 2 Comparing disease rates as episodes per person-year of observation (pyo) in pre-HBCT period among all first-time testers with and without HIV infection based on household morbidity data, western Kenya, 2007-2009

From: The impact of home-based HIV counseling and testing on care-seeking and incidence of common infectious disease syndromes in rural western Kenya

Syndrome HIV-infected episodes/pyo HIV-uninfected episodes/pyo Rate ratio (95% CI) (HIV infected/uninfected)
ARI 4.31 3.92 1.10 (1.06 – 1.14)
SARI 0.06 0.02 3.74 (1.83 – 7.66)
AFI 4.21 3.35 1.25 (1.13 – 1.40)
Diarrhea 1.50 0.81 1.86 (1.57 – 2.19)
  1. ARI = Acute respiratory illness. SARI = Severe Acute Respiratory Illness. AFI = Acute febrile illness.