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Table 1 Epidemiological characteristics of deaths caused by hand foot and mouth disease in Vietnam 2011

From: Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of children who died from hand, foot and mouth disease in Vietnam, 2011

Characteristic No. of cases/total (%)
Demographic  
  Male sex 116/169 (69)
  Age in month, Median (range) 25 (3–107)
  Age group ≤ 3 years 147/169 (87)
HFMD exposure  
  Daycare attendance 10/56 (18)
  Known contact with HFMD cases 10/32 (31)
Disease recognition, referral and progression  
  Admission within 3 days of symptom recognition 130/169 (77)
  Self-admission in severe state 62/102 (61)
  Fatal cases before admission 2/67 (3)
  Transferred to provincial or tertiary level hospital 54/166 (33)
  Diagnosis of HFMD at referral 29/44 (66)
  Referral under critical conditions 26/67 (39)
  Referral cases died before admission 4/67 (6)
  Days from referral hospital admission to death, median (inter-quartile range) 1 (1–3)
Fatal cases at hospital levels  
  Tertiary level 139/169 (82)
  Province level 28/169 (17)
  District level 2/169 (1)
Time from admission to death, median (range)  
  Tertiary level 1 (0–33)
  Province level 1 (0–7)
  District level 0.5 (0–1)