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Table 2 Public health and economic impact of a universal vaccination program vs. no vaccination program for base case scenario

From: Cost effectiveness of a pentavalent rotavirus vaccine in Oman

  No vaccination program Universal vaccination program Net difference Percent reduction
Events     
Deaths 6 0.65 -5 -89.1%
Hospitalizations 4,279 466.06 -3,813 -89.1%
ED visits 3,294 650.01 -2,644 -80.3%
Outpatient visits 14,838 4,951.67 -9,886 -66.6%
Work loss days 30,068 7,867.45 -22,200 -73.8%
Costs, OMR (USD)     
Medical care costs 1,338,977 (3,481,340) 216,646 (563,279.6) -1,122,331 (-2,918,061) -83.8%
Hospitalization costs 871,083 (2,264,816) 73,043 (189,911.8) -798,041 (-2,074,907) -91.6%
ED visit costs 85,001 (221,002.6) 16,659 (43,313.4) -68,342 (-177,689) -80.4%
Outpatient visit costs 382,893 (995,521.8) 126,944 (330,054.4) -255,949 (-665,467) -66.8%
Direct non-medical costs 347,527 (903,570.2) 137,216 (356,761.6) -210,311 (-546,809) -60.5%
Indirect (work days lost) costs 336,533 (874985.8) 89,758 (233,370.8) -246,776 (-641,618) -73.3%
Societal costs 2,023,038 (5259,899) 443,619 (1,153,409) -1,579,419 (-4,106,489) -78.1%
Vaccination costs 0 1,465,752 (3,810,955)   
Net direct medical care costs 1,338,977 (3,481,340) 1,682,398 (4,374,235) 343,421 (892,894.6) 25.7%
Net societal costs 2,023,038 (5,259,899) 1,909,371 (4,964,365) -113,667 (-295,534) -5.6%
  1. ED = emergency department; OMR = Omani rial; USD = United States dollars.
  2. Exchange rate: 1 OMR = 2.60 USD.
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