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Table 2 Unadjusted mortality rates per 100 person years by blood pressure groups for men and women with and without advanced HIV

From: Blood pressure level impacts risk of death among HIV seropositive adults in Kenya: a retrospective analysis of electronic health records

Characteristic Person years Women events Mortality rate (95% CI) Person years Men events Mortality rate (95% CI)
Advanced HIV a       
Systolic blood pressure       
   SBP <100 mmHg 3447 113 3.3 (2.7-3.9) 816 57 7.0 (5.4-9.1)
 SBP 100-119 mmHg 18648 364 2.0 (1.8-2.2) 5966 219 3.7 (3.2-4.2)
 SBP 120-139 mmHg 7954 116 1.5 (1.2-1.7) 4001 96 2.4 (2.0-2.9)
   SBP ≥140 mmHg 1095 23 2.1 (1.4-3.2) 590 21 3.6 (2.3-5.5)
Diastolic blood pressure       
   DBP <60 mmHg 1164 73 6.3 (5.0-8.0) 356 56 15.8 (12.1-20.5)
  DBP 60-79 mmHg 23988 467 1.9 (1.8-2.1) 8142 283 3.5 (3.1-3.9)
  DBP 80-89 mmHg 4913 58 1.2 (0.9-1.5) 2372 45 1.9 (1.4-2.5)
   DBP ≥90 mmHg 1079 18 1.7 (1.1-2.6) 504 9 1.8 (0.9-3.4)
Not advanced HIV       
Systolic blood pressure       
   SBP <100 mmHg 1707 28 1.6 (1.1-2.4) 221 9 4.1 (2.1-7.8)
 SBP 100-119 mmHg 12625 91 0.7 (0.6-0.9) 2097 23 1.1 (0.7-1.7)
 SBP 120-139 mmHg 6461 38 0.6 (0.4-0.8) 1906 34 1.8 (1.3-2.5)
   SBP ≥140 mmHg 842 8 0.9 (0.5-1.9) 339 10 3.0 (1.6-5.5)
Diastolic blood pressure       
   DBP <60 mmHg 824 21 2.5 (1.7-3.9) 89 2 2.2 (0.6-9.0)
  DBP 60-79 mmHg 16301 121 0.7 (0.6-0.9) 3195 54 1.7 (1.3-2.2)
  DBP 80-89 mmHg 3766 20 0.5 (0.3-0.8) 1006 12 1.2 (0.7-2.1)
   DBP ≥90 mmHg 744 3 0.4 (0.1-1.3) 272 8 2.9 (1.5-5.9)
  1. Abbreviations: HIV human immunodeficiency virus, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure.
  2. aAdvanced HIV is defined by CD4 count <350, or WHO Stage 2 or 3.