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Table 1 Summary of characteristics by gender

From: Blood pressure level impacts risk of death among HIV seropositive adults in Kenya: a retrospective analysis of electronic health records

Variable Women (n = 36616) Men (n = 12859) Overall (n = 49475)
Age, median (IQR), years 32 (26-39) 38 (31-46) 33 (27-41)
Age category, No. (%), years    
<25 7473 (20.4) 812 (6.3) 8285 (16.8)
25-34 15227 (41.6) 4183 (32.5) 19410 (39.2)
35-44 9049 (24.7) 4362 (33.9) 13411 (27.1)
45-54 3739 (10.2) 2447 (19.0) 6186 (12.5)
55-64 948 (2.6) 803 (6.2) 1751 (3.5)
≥65 180 (0.5) 252 (2.0) 432 (0.9)
SBP, median (IQR), mmHg 110 (100-120) 110 (100-120) 110 (100-120)
DBP, median (IQR), mmHg 70 (60-72) 70 (60-79) 70 (60-74)
SBP category, No. (%), mmHg    
<100 3822 (10.4) 1083 (8.4) 4905 (9.9)
100-119 21145 (57.8) 6444 (50.1) 27589 (55.8)
120-139 10145 (27.7) 4488 (34.9) 14633 (29.6)
≥140 1504 (4.1) 844 (6.6) 2348 (4.8)
DBP category, No. (%), mmHg    
<60 1748 (4.8) 571 (4.4) 2319 (4.7)
60-79 27702 (75.7) 9107 (70.8) 36809 (74.4)
80-89 5905 (16.1) 2620 (20.4) 8525 (17.2)
≥90 1261 (3.4) 561 (4.4) 1822 (3.7)
BMI, median (IQR), kg/m2a 21.5 (19.3-24.0) 20.1 (18.4-21.9) 21.0 (19.0-23.5)
BMI category, No. (%), kg/m2a    
<18.5 5348 (16.8) 2855 (25.9) 8203 (19.1)
18.5 - <25 20645 (64.8) 7495 (67.9) 28140 (65.6)
25 - <30 4716 (14.8) 595 (5.4) 5311 (12.4)
≥30 1173 (3.7) 97 (0.9) 1270 (3.0)
Hemoglobin, median (IQR), g/dLb 11.8 (10.2-13.1) 13.8 (11.9-15.3) 12.2 (10.5-13.7)
Creatinine, median (IQR), μmol/Lc 60 (51-71.4) 76 (64.5-89) 63.8 (53-77)
CD4 count, median (IQR), cells/mm3d 413 (296-581) 363 (271-502) 399 (288-561)
CD4 category, no. (%), cells/mm3d    
200-350 9705 (37.4) 4019 (46.8) 13,724 (39.8)
>350 16224 (62.6) 4566 (53.2) 20790 (60.2)
ART naïve at enrollment, No. (%) 33345 (91.1) 11645 (90.6) 44990 (90.9)
WHO stage at enrollment, No. (%)e    
Stage 1 17304 (60.5) 4803 (48.0) 22107 (57.2)
Stage 2 6647 (23.2) 2658 (26.6) 9305 (24.1)
Stage 3 4666 (16.3) 2547 (25.5) 7213 (18.7)
Urban 16970 (46.4) 6165 (47.9) 23135 (46.8)
Married/living with partnerf 19045 (54.0) 9127 (73.1) 28172 (59.0)
  1. Abbreviations: IQR interquartile range; SBP systolic blood pressure; DBP diastolic blood pressure; BMI body mass index; ART antiretroviral therapy; WHO, World Health Organization. SI conversion factors: To convert hemoglobin to grams per liter, multiple by 10.
  2. an = 31882 for women; 11042 for men.
  3. bn = 26,826 for women; 9099 for men.
  4. cn = 25,570 for women; 8799 for men.
  5. dn = 25,929 for women; 8585 for men.
  6. en = 28617 for women; 10008 for men.
  7. fn = 47745.