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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of adult HIV/AIDS patients on ART at GUH

From: Virological efficacy and immunological recovery among Ethiopian HIV-1 infected adults and children

  Number of patients
Variables Adults Children
WHO clinical stage
  I 3 4
  II 11 6
  III 72 57
  IV 14 33
Anaemia status (%)a
  Anaemic 62 67
  Non anaemic 38 33
CD4 cell count (cells/mm3)b
  <50 6 0
  50-99 25 5
  100-199 55 14
  200-349 14 33
  ≥350 0 48
Total duration on ART (months)
  13-24 100 100
  25-36 47 56
  37-48 13 23
  49-60 4 15
  ≥61 0 5
ART regimen
  1a: 3TC + d4T + NVP 39 57
  1b: 3TC + d4T + EFV 32 5
  1c: 3TC + AZT** + NVP 17 35
  1d: 3TC + AZT + EFV*** 12 3
  1. Keys: 3TC (Lamivudine), d4T (Stavidine), NVP (Nevirapine), EFV (Efavirenz), AZT (Zidovidine); The difference in ART regimen between adults and children is due to the high rates of Tuberculosis in adults; **AZT replaced by d4T in anaemic patients; *** EFV replaced by NVP in patients with TB when on rifampicin; a Age and gender specific classification of anaemia according to WHO ( http://www.who.int/vmnis/indicators/haemoglobin ); b Age specific classification for ART eligibility.