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Table 5 Framework of indicators

From: Framework of behavioral indicators for outcome evaluation of TB health promotion: a Delphi study of TB suspects and Tb patients

Domain Subdomains Indicators Measures Data source
TB suspects  
Healthcare seeking behavior Seeking care after onset of TB symptoms Length of patient delay Mean, median and range of patient delay TB suspect survey and clinic record review to learn the time of TB symptoms onset and the time for seeking care for first time
Percentage of patients with longer patient delay Percentage of patients with longer delay TB suspect survey and clinic record
Pathways of seeking care Average number of health care provider encounters before diagnosis Average number of health care provider encounters before diagnosis TB suspect survey and clinic record
Percentage of patients who encountered ≥2 non-TB health providers Percentage of patients who encountered ≥2 non-TB health providers TB suspect survey and clinic record
Percentage of patients with first non-TB health contact following onset of TB symptoms Percentage of TB suspects who had first provider contact in non-TB health facility after onset of TB symptoms TB suspect survey and clinic record
Transmission prevention Interpersonal contact etiquette Percentage of patients who wore respirator in Public Percentage of patients who wore respirator in Public after onset of TB symptoms TB suspect survey
Percentage of patients who consistently abstained from spitting Percentage of patients who consistently abstained from spitting after onset of TB symptoms TB suspect survey
Percentage of patients who consistently covered face when sneezing/cough/speaking loudly Percentage of patients who consistently covered face when sneezing/cough/speaking loudly TB suspect survey
TB patients  
Adherence to treatment Adherence to medication Percentage of patients who adhered to medication Percentage of patients who adhered to their medication TB patient survey and clinic record review
Percentage of patients with interrupted treatment Percentage of patients who experienced interrupted treatment. TB patient survey and clinic record review
Percentage of patients with default treatment Percentage of patients who experienced default treatment. TB patient survey and clinic record review
Follow-up sputum microscopy Percentage of patients who kept follow-up sputum microscopy Percentage of patients who kept follow-up sputum microscopy at the end of 2, 5 and 6 month of treatment TB patient survey or and clinic record review
Healthy lifestyle Abstinence from smoking Percentage of patients who abstained from smoking Percentage of patients who abstained from smoking following TB health promotion. TB patient survey
Abstinence from alcohol drinking Percentage of patients who abstained from alcohol drinking Percentage of patients who abstained from drinking alcohol following TB health promotion. TB patient survey
Nutrition improvement Percentage of patients with improved nutritional status Percentage of patients with improved nutritional status (e.g., assessed through weight or other anthropometric measures) following TB health promotion. TB patient survey
Transmission prevention Disposal of sputum Percentage of patients who consistently abstained from spitting Percentage of patients who consistently abstained from spitting sputum after diagnosis with TB TB patient survey
Percentage of patients with safe method of sputum disposal Percentage of patients with safe method of sputum disposal during the infective phrase of disease TB patient survey
Interpersonal contact etiquette Percentage of patients who covered face when sneezing/cough/speaking loudly Percentage of patients who consistently covered face among ten times of sneezing/cough/speaking loudly TB patient survey
Percentage of patients who wore respirator in public during in infective phrase of disease Percentage of patients who consistently wore respirator in public after diagnosis of TB TB patient survey
Percentage of patients who reduced frequency of presence in public Percentage of patients who reduce times spent in public places TB patient survey
Percentage of patients who informed contact of TB status Percentage of patients who disclosed their TB infection to their contacts and informed them to screen for TB TB patient survey and clinic record review about contact screening
Room ventilation Percentage of patients who ventilated their room Percentage of patients who often ventilated their living room TB patient survey