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Table 6 Cause of death in AIDS-associated autopsies

From: The prevalence of opportunistic infections and malignancies in autopsied patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection in Japan

  All ART (−) patients ART (+) patients   
  n % n % n % Pvalues  
Total* 225 100.0% 136 100.0% 66 100.0%   
Malignant lymphoma 50 22.2% 33 24.3% 16 24.2% 0.997  
Cytomegalovirus 44 19.6% 27 19.9% 9 13.6% 0.279  
Pneumonia 31 13.8% 19 14.0% 9 13.6% 0.949  
Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia 30 13.3% 21 15.4% 4 6.1% 0.058  
Non-tuberculous mycobacterium 12 5.3% 10 7.4% 2 3.0% 0.367 Y
Kaposi sarcoma 11 4.9% 7 5.1% 2 3.0% 0.749 Y
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy 8 3.6% 4 2.9% 2 3.0% 0.684 Y
Cancer 8 3.6% 2 1.5% 6 9.1% 0.026 Y
Hepatitis 8 3.6% 3 2.2% 4 6.1% 0.320 Y
Cryptococcus 7 3.1% 6 4.4% 0 0.0% 0.197 Y
Kidney failure 7 3.1% 4 2.9% 3 4.5% 0.861 Y
HIV encephalopathy 7 3.1% 5 3.7% 2 3.0% 0.861 Y
Aspergillus 6 2.7% 5 3.7% 0 0.0% 0.274 Y
Toxoplasmosis 4 1.8% 3 2.2% 1 1.5% 0.835 Y
Tuberculosis 3 0.9% 2 1.5% 0 0.0% 0.816 Y
Sepsis 3 1.3% 2 1.5% 1 1.5% 0.551 Y
Candida 3 1.3% 2 1.5% 0 0.0% 0.816 Y
Varicella zoster virus 2 1.3% 1 0.7% 1 1.5% 0.816 Y
Nocardia 1 0.4% 1 0.7% 0 0.0% 0.711 Y
Histoplasma 1 0.4% 1 0.7% 0 0.0% 0.711 Y
  1. *Because more than one illness was detected in patients, the numbers of all illness are greater than the total number.
  2. HIV, human immunodeficiency virus. P values were calculated with the Chi-square test. Y indicates the use of Chi-square test with Yates correction. Bold font indicates statistical significance.