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Table 5 Associations of total delay with socio-demographic and clinical factors among TB patients attending Felegehiwot Referral Hospital in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

From: Time to first consultation, diagnosis and treatment of TB among patients attending a referral hospital in Northwest, Ethiopia

Variable N (%) Delayed (%) Crude Odds ratio 95% CI Adjusted odds ratio 95% CI
Sex     
 Male 124 (61,7) 54 (43.5) 1 1
 Female 77 (38.3) 38 (49.4) 1.3 (0,7, 2.3) 0.7 (0.3, 1.5)
Age     
 15-34 133 (66.2) 58 (43.6) 1 1
 35-54 53 (26.4) 23 (43.4) 0.9 (0.5, 1.9) 0.2 (0.2, 1.3)
 >55 14 (7.0) 10 (71.4) 3.2 (0.9, 10.8) * 1.9 (3.3, 10.9) *
Marriage     
 Married 113 (56.2) 52 (46.0) 1 1
 Single 66 (32.8) 28 (42.4) 1.6 (0.5, 1.6) 0.4 (0.2, 1.1)
 Widowed 7 (3.5) 4 (57.1) 1.3 (0.3, 7.3) 15.5 (1.1, 218)
 Divorced 15 (7.5) 8 (53.3) 1.3 (0.5, 3.9) 4.9 (0.9, 26.5)
Residence     
 Urban 86 (42.8) 22 (25.6) 1 1
 Rural 115 (57.2) 70 (60.9) 4.5 (2.6, 8.4)* 2.8 (1.1, 7.3)*
Education     
 Below 8th grade 135 (67.2) 73 (54.1) 1 1
 Secondary 32 (15.9) 12 (37.5) 0.5 (0.2, 1.1) 0.5 (0.2, 1.4)
 College and above 34 (16.9) 7 (20.6) 0.2 (0.1, 0.5)* 0.5 (0.2, 1.5)
Employment     
 Peasants 87 (43.3) 53 (60.9) 1 1
 Civil servant 20 (10.0) 4 (20.0) 0.2 (0.1, 0.5)* 0.3 (0.1, 1.7)
 Others 94 (46.8) 35 (37.2) 0.4 (0.2, 0.7)* 1.5 (0.4, 5.0)
Income     
 Less than 300 birr§ 137 (68.2) 68 (49.6) 1 1
 Above 300 birr 64 (31.8) 24 (37.5) 0.6 (0.3, 1.1) 1.1 (0.5, 2.5)
HIV serostatus     
 Negative 128 (63.7) 61 (47.7) 1 1
 Positive 42 (20.9) 13 (31.0) 0.4 (0.2, 0.8)* 0.7 (0.3, 1.8)
 Not known 31 (15.4) 18 (58.1) 0.8 (0.4, 1.9) 0.6 (0.2, 1.7)
Type of TB     
 Pulmonary 120 (59.7) 44 (36.7) 1 1
 Extra-pulmonary 81 (40.3) 48 (59.3) 2.5 (1.4, 4.5) 3.2 (1.5, 7.0)*
FHP visited     
 Hospital 55 (27.4) 15 (8.2) 1 1
 Health centre 65 (32.3) 30 (46.2) 1.5 (0.7, 3.2)* 1.3 (0.5, 3.1)
 Private 36 (17.9) 16 (45.8) 0.9 (0.4, 2.2)* 1.1 (0.4, 3.2)
 Health post 45 (22.4) 32 (71.1) 3.8 (1.5, 9.7)* 2.9 (0.9, 9.1)
  1. §300 Birr = USD 16.
  2. *significantly associated.