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Table 5 Change in sexual behaviour between Sero4 and Sero5 associated with VCT use at Sero4, HIV-positive individuals

From: The impact of voluntary counselling and testing services on sexual behaviour change and HIV incidence: observations from a cohort study in rural Tanzania

  N with outcome (%)   
  No VCT Had VCT Crude risk ratio (95% CI) Adjusted risk ratio (95% CI)
Number of sex partners in last year     
  115 % 23 %   
No change 64 55.7 13 56.5 1 1
Increase 16 13.9 0 0.0 - -
Decrease 35 30.4 10 43.5 1.41 (0.56, 3.54) 0.88 (0.25, 3.02)
Acquired or lost a spouse α     
  114 % 23 %   
No change 93 81.6 19 82.6 1 1
Acquired 8 7.0 1 4.3 0.61 (0.07, 5.18) 0.64 (0.06, 7.13)
Lost 13 11.4 3 13.0 1.13 (0.29, 4.35) 2.65 (0.46, 15.23)
Acquired or lost a regular non-cohabiting partner   
  114 % 23 %   
No change 79 69.3 15 65.2 1 1
Acquired 20 17.5 7 30.4 1.84 (0.66, 5.12) 3.46 (0.71, 16.83)
Lost 15 13.2 1 4.3 0.35 (0.04, 2.86) 0.26 (0.02, 2.85)
Acquired or lost a high risk partner    
  115 % 22 %   
No change 98 85.2 17 77.3 1 1
Acquired 10 8.7 1 4.5 0.58 (0.07, 4.80) 0.63 (0.05, 8.02)
Lost 7 6.1 4 18.2 3.29 (0.87, 12.48) 3.10 (0.50, 19.31)
Condom use at last sex with spouse #   
  68 % 12 %   
No change 64 94.1 10 83.3 1 1
Stopped using 2 2.9 1 8.3 3.2 (0.26, 38.64) 0.99 (0.03, 34.27)
Started using 2 2.9 1 8.3 3.2 (0.26, 38.64) -
  1. All outcomes adjusted for age, sex, marital status, area of residence, level of education and previous VCT use as reported at the later sero-survey round.
  2. α‘Acquired or lost spouse’ was not adjusted for marital status (as this was the outcome).
  3. #Analyses conducted among those with a spouse at both rounds only.