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Table 2 Main laboratory results for diagnostic workup

From: Transverse myelitis and acute HIV infection: a case report

Biological specimen Culture PCR techniques Serology Others
CSF Bacteria, fungi and mycobacteria all negative HSV 1&2, H-6, CMV, EBV, VZV, Enterovirus, WNV, JCV, HTLV1, Rickettsia spp, Borrelia spp, M. pneumoniae, L. monocytogenes, MTC all negative VDRL, FTA-ABS all negative Malignant cells negative, immunoelectrophoresis normal, India ink stain negative
HIV-1 (77.700 cp/mL)
Blood Bacteria and fungi all negative CMV negative VDRL, TPPA/TP, Borrelia spp, Rickettsia conorii, HSV 1&2, EBV, Dengue, WNV all negative CMV antigen negative
HIV-1 (743.000 cp/mL) CMV, T. gondii (IgM negative, IgG positive) T-CD4 cell count (408/mm3)
HIV (ELISA positive, Inno-Lia™ indeterminate with positive gp41 band)
  1. CMV: cytomegalovirus; CSF: cerebrospinal fluid; EBV: Epstein-Barr virus; H-6: Herpes 6 virus; HSV: Herpes simplex virus; HTLV1: human T lymphotropic virus Type 1; JCV: JC virus; MTC: Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex; PCR: polymerase chain reaction; VZV: Varicella-Zoster virus; WNV: West Nile Virus.