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Table 4 Clinical characteristics and detailed history of precipitating immunosuppressive agents in 12 sporadic non-clustered cases of hospital-associated listeriosis

From: Emergence of sporadic non-clustered cases of hospital-associated listeriosis among immunocompromised adults in southern Taiwan from 1992 to 2013: effect of precipitating immunosuppressive agents

Case Underlying disease Cause of admission D 1a Clinical syndrome of listeriosis Type of precipitating immunosuppressive agent D 2b Cause of precipitating immunosuppressive agent
1 Breast cancer with liver and lung metastasis Scheduled chemotherapy 10 Primary bacteremia Corticosteroid and chemotherapy with epirubicin and paclitaxel 9 Scheduled chemotherapy
2 Hepatic cell carcinoma with multiple bone metastasis Management of low back pain 14 Primary bacteremia Corticosteroid 7 Management of paraplegia caused by hepatic cell carcinoma with spine metastasis
3 Systemic lupus erythematosus Management of pregnancy complicated with pre-eclampsia 59 Meningitis and bacteremia Corticosteroid and chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide 17 Pulse therapy for lupus nephritis with flare-up
4 Lymphocytic myocarditis complicated with congestive heart failure Management of acute pulmonary edema 59 Meningitis and bacteremia Corticosteroid and chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide 23 Pulse therapy for lymphocytic myocarditis
5 New diagnosis of pancreatic cancer with lung metastasis Evaluation of lung mass 30 Primary bacteremia Corticosteroid and chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide 22 For suspected Wegner’s granuloma
6 New diagnosis of left adrenal gland with pancreas tail invasion and multiple bone metastasis Evaluation of abdominal pain 42 Primary bacteremia Nil Nil  
7 Lung cancer Management of obstructive pneumonia 18 Primary bacteremia Corticosteroid 4 Management of paraplegia caused by lung cancer with spine metastasis
8 New diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia Evaluation of petechiae and bruising over extremity 10 Primary bacteremia Corticosteroid and chemotherapy with cystarabine, methotrexate, vincristine and asparaginase 11 Induction chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia
9 Ischemic heart disease complicated with congestive heart failure Management of acute pulmonary edema caused by fluid overload 13 Primary bacteremia Corticosteroid 12 For suspected superimposed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with flare-up
10 New diagnosis of multiple myeloma Evalaution of oliguria 51 Primary bacteremia Corticosteroid 27 Management of paraplegia caused by multiple myeloma with spinal compression
11 Diffuse large B cell lymphoma Scheduled chemotherapy 11 Primary bacteremia Corticosteroid and chemotherapy with methotrexate, rituximab and gemcitabine 10 Scheduled chemotherapy
12 Nasopharyngeal carcinoma with skull bone metastasis Management of hypercalcemia caused by malignancy 52 Primary bacteremia Corticosteroid 14 Management of drug allergy caused by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
  1. aDuration 1: from admission to onset of symptoms related to listeriosis (days).
  2. bDuration 2: from prescription of precipitating immunosuppressive agent to onset of symptoms related to listeriosis (days).