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Table 5 Logistic regression analysis of determinants of longer health system delay, Malawi, 2011

From: Patient and health system delays in the diagnosis and treatment of new and retreatment pulmonary tuberculosis cases in Malawi

Characteristic New TB cases Retreatment TB cases
n Unadjusted OR (95% CI) n Unadjusted OR (95% CI)
Total 460   128  
Place first visited by patients     
 Hospital 253 reference 92 reference
 Health centre 114 1.86 (1.92 – 3.77)* 19 0.91 (0.27 – 3.08)
 Drug store & traditional 53 5.08 (1.08 -21.67)* 12 - ±
 Private clinic 40 0.94 (0.39 – 2.26) 5 0.97 (0.10 – 9.24)
Smear     
 Positive 302 reference 87 reference
 Negative 37 0.65 (0.27 – 1.59) 21 6.36 (1.54 – 28.31)*
 Unknown/not done 121 1.08 (0.57 – 2.04) 20 6.05 (1.26 – 26.91)*
  1. OR = odds ratio, CI = confidence interval.
  2. *p < 0.05.