Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Patient and health system delay among new TB cases, by background characteristics, Malawi, 2011

From: Patient and health system delays in the diagnosis and treatment of new and retreatment pulmonary tuberculosis cases in Malawi

   Patient delay (days) Health system delay (days)
n Median IQR   Median IQR  
Total 460 14.0 14-28   59.0 27-108  
Sex        
  Male 304 14.0 14-28   59.0 28-99  
  Female 156 21.0 14-30   64.0 24-125  
Age at diagnosis (years)        
  < 34 221 21.0 14-30   59.0 27-100  
  ≥ 34 239 14.0 14-28   63.0 26-121  
Education        
  No school 65 21.0 14-30   84.0 41-152  
  Primary 219 21.0 14-28   57.0 27-107  
  Secondary & above 176 14.0 7-28   54.0 24-91  
Occupation        
  Unemployed 204 21.0 14-30 * 66.5 31-118  
  Self-employed 146 17.5 14-30 * 51.5 24-92  
  Employed 110 14.0 7-21 * 62.0 28-121  
Distance to nearest TB diagnostic facility     
  0 – 10 Km 278 21.0 14-28   56.5 26-100  
  >10 Km 140 21.0 14-28   73.5 32-119  
  Unknown 42 14.0 13-28   47.5 21-133  
Heard of TB before diagnosis      
  Yes 268 14.0 14-28   66.0 31-116  
  No 192 21.0 14-28   50.5 22-98  
Knowledge of coughing > 3 weeks as a TB symptom     
  Yes 186 21.0 14-30 * 73.0 29-116  
  No 82 14.0 7-28 * 64.0 31-118  
Perceiving condition as worsening      
  Yes 80 14.0 14-30   39.5 19-93  
  No 380 17.5 14-28   63.0 31-115  
Health facility first visited       
  Hospital 253 14.0 14-28   45.0 20-86 *
  Health centre 114 21.0 14-30   86.0 43-135 *
  Drug store& traditional 53 14.0 11-21   91.0 54-140 *
  Private clinic 40 21.0 14-30   57.0 27-94 *
Smear        
  Positive 302 14.0 14-28   62.5 28-111  
  Negative 37 21.0 7-29   66.0 26-127  
  Unknown/not done 121 21.0 14-29   56.0 25-98  
  1. Note: Using nonparametric Kruskal Wallis test, IQR = interquartile range.
  2. * p < 0.05.