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Table 1 Characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Malawi, 2011

From: Patient and health system delays in the diagnosis and treatment of new and retreatment pulmonary tuberculosis cases in Malawi

Patient characteristics N (%)
Total 588 (100.0)
TB case type   
      New 460 (78.2)
      Retreatment 128 (21.8)
Sex   
      Male 388 (66.0)
      Female 200 (34.0)
Age at diagnosis (years)   
      15 – 24 86 (14.6)
      25 – 34 211 (35.9)
      35 – 44 161 (27.4)
      45 – 54 69 (11.7)
      55 – 64 40 (6.8)
      65 + 21 (3.6)
Education   
      No school 82 (13.9)
      Primary 285 (48.5)
      Secondary 186 (31.6)
      Tertiary 35 (6.0)
Occupation   
      Self-employed 201 (34.2)
      Employed 132 (22.4)
      Unemployed 85 (14.5)
      Farmer 77 (13.1)
      Housewife 63 (10.7)
      Student 30 (5.1)
Average household monthly income (USD)  
      ≤ 30 105 (17.9)
      > 30 ≤ 60 119 (20.2)
      > 60 171 (29.1)
      Unknown 193 (32.8)
Distance to the nearest TB diagnostic facility  
      0 – 10 Km 364 (61.9)
      11 – 20 Km 99 (16.8)
      >20 Km 71 (12.1)
      Unknown 54 (9.2)
Heard of TB before diagnosis   
      Yes 396 (67.3)
      No 192 (32.7)
Knowledge of coughing > 3 weeks as a TB symptoma  
      Yes 268 (71.8)
      No 105 (28.2)
Health facility first visited   
      Hospital 345 (58.7)
      Health centre 133 (22.6)
      Drug store 52 (8.8)
      Private clinic 45 (7.7)
      Traditional healer 13 (2.2)
Sputum smear for acid-fast bacilli   
      Negative 58 (9.9)
      Positive 389 (66.2)
      Unknown 141 (24.0)
Chest x-ray on diagnosis   
      Yes 223 (37.9)
      No 365 (62.1)
  1. Note: a n =373.