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Table 2 Characteristics associated with HPV clearance among 151 HPV-positive women (univariate analysis)

From: HPV clearance in postpartum period of HIV-positive and negative women: a prospective follow-up study

Characteristics Persistence Clearance p
N = 80 % N = 71 %
Marital status      
 Non-stable 34 42.5 17 23.9 <0.05*
 Stable 46 57.5 54 76.1
Race/skin color      
 White 40 50.0 54 76.1 <0.05 #
 Brown 24 30.0 13 18.3
 Black 16 20.0 4 5.6
Years of education     
 0-4 13 16.2 7 9.9 0.68#
 5-8 31 38.8 30 42.2
 >9 36 45.0 34 47.9
Menarche (yrs.)      
 <9 3 3.75 1 1.4 0.09#
 9-15 74 92.5 61 85.9
 >15 3 3.75 9 12.7
Age at 1st sexual experience (yrs.)    
 <16 54 67.5 39 54.9 0.19#
 16-20 23 28.8 30 42.3
 >20 3 3.7 2 2.8
Age of 1st pregnancy (yrs.)     
 <16 22 27.5 11 15.5 0.17*
 16-20 38 47.5 36 50.7  
 >20 20 25.0 24 33.8  
Parity      
 0 40 50.0 37 52.1 0.83#
 1-3 38 47.5 30 42.3
 ≥4 2 2.5 4 5.6
Lifetime no. of sex partners     
 ≤5 50 62.5 55 77.5 0.18#
 6-10 14 17.5 10 14.1
 11-20 10 12.5 4 5.6
 >20 6 7.5 2 2.8
Sex partners (last 12 mos.)    
 <3 75 93.8 68 95.8 1.0#
 ≥3 5 6.2 3 4.2
HIV-positive status 28 35.0 26 36.6 0.84*
Smoking 22 27.5 15 21.1 0.36*
Drug use      
 None 59 73.8 59 83.1 0.39#
 Marijuana 14 17.5 10 14.1
 Cocaine/crack 7 8.7 2 2.8
Alcohol 15 18.8 5 7.0 0.053#
Previous STD 30 37.5 24 33.8 0.64*
Sexual partner with STD 1 18 22.5 13 18.3 0.52*
Mode of delivery      
 Cesarean section 37 46.2 27 38.0 0.33
 Vaginal 43 53.8 44 62.0
HPV infection type      
 Subclinical/clinical 60 75.0 51 71.8 0.66
 HPV-positive 20 25.0 20 28.2
HPV type      
 High risk 34 64.1 22 54.4 0.3
 Low risk 19 35.9 20 47.6
  1. Ribeirão Preto, 2007-2010.
  2. *Chi-square test; #Fisher Exact Test; 1Referred by women.