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Table 1 Demographic characteristics among HIV-positive and HIV-negative African-Caribbean women in Toronto

From: The epidemiology of sexually transmitted co-infections in HIV-positive and HIV-negative African-Caribbean women in Toronto

  HIV-positive HIV-negative p value
Total participants 126 291  
Age (years)
Mean 40.3 33.9 <0.0001a
  Median (IQR) 40 (34-46) 31 (24-42)  
  15-24 2 (1.6%) 78 (26.8%)  
  25-34 30 (23.8%) 96 (33.0%)  
  35-44 58 (46.0%) 59 (20.3%)  
  45+ 36 (28.6%) 58 (19.9%)  
Education
  No education 4 (3.2%) 7 (2.4%) NS
  Some/completed elementary school 11 (8.8%) 31 (10.7%)  
  Some/completed secondary school 46 (36.8%) 118 (40.8%)  
  Some/completed college/university 61 (48.8%) 119 (41.2%)  
  Some/completed graduate education 3 (2.4%) 14 (4.8%)  
Marital status
  Married/common-low 22 (18.0%) 72 (25.4%) <0.0001
  Separated/divorced/widowed 57 (46.7%) 49 (17.3%)  
  Single 43 (35.2%) 163 (57.4%)  
Annual household income
  Less $10,000 38 (35.2%) 102 (55.1%) <0.0001
  $10,000 - $19,999 37 (34.3%) 29 (15.7%)  
  $20,000 - $49,999 30 (27.8%) 34 (18.4%)  
  $50,000 or more 3 (2.8%) 20 (10.8%)  
Language spoken
  N 118 278  
  English 103 (87.3%) 252 (90.3%) NS
  French 15 (12.7%) 32 (11.5%) NS
  Spanish 0 (0.0%) 3 (1.1%) NS
  Other 44 (37.3%) 49 (17.6%) <0.0001
Region of birth
  Africa 102 (81.0%) 106 (36.4%) <0.0001b
  Caribbean 21 (16.7%) 131 (45.0%)  
  Canada 2 (1.6%) 50 (17.2%)  
  Other 1 (0.8%) 4 (1.4%)  
Immigration status at first arrival in Canada
  Landed/permanent resident 25 (20.7%) 58 (25.1%) 0.0008b
  Refugee claimant 72 (59.5%) 84 (36.4%)  
  Temporary worker 1 (0.8%) 3 (1.3%)  
  Visitor 17 (14.0%) 71 (30.7%)  
  Student 2 (1.7%) 6 (2.6%)  
  Non-status 4 (3.3%) 9 (3.9%)  
  1. aWilcoxon Rank Sum Test.
  2. bFisher’s Exact Test.