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Table 2 Frequency of genital infections detected in indigenous women of the Department of Presidente Hayes, Paraguay

From: Human papillomavirus and other genital infections in indigenous women from Paraguay: a cross-sectional analytical study

  n (%) 95% CI
n Total 181 (100)  
HPV 42 (23.2) 17.3-30.0
HR-HPV* 29 (16.1) 11.1-22.3
Probable HR-HPV** 7 (3.9) 1.6-7.8
Syphilis (VDRL & IgG***) 21 (11.6) 7.3-17.2
Trichomonas vaginalis 19 (10.5) 6.4-15.9
Chlamydia trachomatis 18 (9.9) 6.0-15.3
HIV 1 (0.6) 0-3.0
STI total**** 75 (41.4) 34.2-49
More than 1 STIs 22 (12.2) 7.8-17.8
Other genital infection   
Gardnerella vaginalis 83 (45.9) 38.4-53.4
Mycoplasma hominis 56 (30.9) 24.3-38.2
Ureaplasma urealyticum 37 (20.4) 14.8-27.1
Cándida sp 13 (7.2) 3.9-12.0
  1. CI: Confidence Interval; HPV: human papillomavirus; HR-HPV: high-risk oncogenic HPV; HIV: human immunodeficiency virus; STI: sexually transmitted infection (HPV, VDRL, Trichomonas vaginalis, Chlamydia trachomatis, HIV); VDRL: Venereal Disease Research Laboratory.
  2. *Frequency of positive samples for at least one type of HR-HPV.
  3. **Frequency of positive samples for at least one type of probable HR-HPV.
  4. ***Confirmed by Immunoglobulin G (IgG).
  5. **** Frequency of women with at least one sexually transmitted infection.
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