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Table 3 Prevalence of co-morbidities, associated mortality, incidence of septic shock, and ICU admission per co-morbidity

From: High incidence of septic shock caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 3 - a retrospective epidemiological study

Type of co-morbiditya Number of patients (%) 28 day mortality (%) Septic shock (%) Admitted to the ICU (%)
Cardiovascular disease 136 (27%) 25 (18%) 18 (13%) 26 (19%)
Lung disease 125 (24%) 20 (16%) 20 (16%) 26 (21%)
Neurological disease 67 (13%) 12 (18%) 9 (13%) 10 (15%)
Diabetes mellitus 61 (12%) 10 (6%) 12 (20%) 12 (20%)
Solid cancer 50 (10%) 7 (14%) 5 (10%) 5 (10%)
Hematologic diseaseb 48 (10%) 9 (19%) 4 (8%) 5 (10%)
Immunosuppressionc 55 (11%) 11 (20%) 8 (14%) 11 (20%)
  1. aOther reported co-morbidities were in descending order; renal disease (n=23), autoimmune disease (n=19), liver disease (n=17), splenectomy (n=4) and HIV (n=3).
  2. bHematologic disease includes hematological malignancies.
  3. cPharmacological immunosuppression was noted if the patient was treated with biological drugs, methotrexate or corticosteroids equivalent to ≥ 10 mg prednisolone.