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Table 2 Detection rates by real-time PCR of 326 paired faeces and rectal swab samples in samples from subjects with or without diarrhoea

From: Comparison of rectal swabs and faeces for real-time PCR detection of enteric agents in Rwandan children with gastroenteritis

  Diarrhoea (n = 207) No diarrhoea (n = 119)
  Faeces Rectal swab P value Faeces Rectal swab P value
ETEC-eltB 38% (78) 29% (60) 0.06 47% (56) 42% (50) >0.30
ETEC-estA 16% (34) 15% (31) >0.30 10% (12) 13% (16) >0.30
E. coli bfpA 21% (44) 17% (35) 0.26 7.6% (9) 9.2% (11) >0.30
E. coli eae 22% (45) 22% (45) >0.30 23% (27) 25% (30) >0.30
Shigella ipaH 22% (46) 19% (39) >0.30 17% (20) 22% (26) >0.30
Campylobacter 20% (42) 20% (42) >0.30 22% (26) 20% (24) >0.30
Cryptosporidium 9.7% (20) 9.2% (19) >0.30 5.0% (6) 6.7% (8) >0.30
Norovirus GG2 8.7% (18) 8.2% (17) >0.30 4.2% (5) 3.4% (4) >0.30
Rotavirus 23% (48) 23% (48) >0.30 0% (0) 0.9% (1) >0.30
Adenovirus 13% (26) 16% (33) >0.30 50% (59) 55% (65) >0.30
  1. Number of cases in paranthesis.
  2. ETEC, enterotoxinogenic E. coli. GG2, genogroup 2.
  3. Adenovirus was analysed in 193 of the 326 samples.