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Table 1 Demographic, epidemiological and clinical characteristics of a cohort of healthcare students trained at a regional tertiary adult acute care reference hospital in Italy

From: Latent tuberculosis infection and associated risk factors among undergraduate healthcare students in Italy: a cross-sectional study

Variables n = 733
Mean (SD) age, year 23.6 (3.1)
Males, n (%) 279/733 (38.1)
Country of birth, n (%) Italy 692/733 (94.4)
Israel 12/733 (1.6)
Albania 9/733 (1.2)
Others 20/733 (2.7)
Born in a high TB incidence country*, n (%) 12/733 (1.6)
Potential professional exposure, n (%) Clinical students 595/733 (81.2)
Preclinical students 138/733 (18.8)
Year of attendance, n (%) Fourth 270/733 (36.8)
Fifth 169/733 (23.1)
Others 294/733 (40.1)
BCG immunization, n (%) 13/733 (1.8)
Positive TST, n (%) 10/733 (1.4)
Positive IGRA, n (%) 4/10 (40)
  1. SD Standard Deviation.
  2. BCG Bacille Calmette-Guérin.
  3. TST Tuberculin Skin Testing.
  4. IGRA Interferon-γ Release Assay.
  5. *High Incidence: ≥20 cases per 100,000 population (according to reference 23).