Skip to main content

Table 1 HBsAg prevalence estimates among indigenous and non-indigenous Australians by study population and before and since 2000

From: Chronic hepatitis B prevalence among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians since universal vaccination: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Pre/ post 2000 Study population Author & year published Study period State/ territory* Study design Sex Age group (yrs) + Indigenous status Sample size (n) HBsAg prevalence (%) 95% CI
Pre Adolescents Barrett [29], 1972 1972 QLD & NT Cross sectional survey of blood samples M,F N/S Indigenous 731 3.41 2.23-5.01**
Pre Adults Barrett [29], 1972 1972 QLD & NT Cross sectional survey of blood samples M,F N/S Indigenous 160 8.13 4.40-13.49**
Pre Adults Barrett [30], 1976 1976 QLD & NT Cross sectional survey of blood samples M,F N/S Indigenous 662 6.90 5.13-9.16**
Non-Indigenous 234 0.38 0.01-2.36**
Pre Adults Burrell [31], 1983 1979-1982 SA Cross sectional survey of blood samples M,F N/S Indigenous 327 25.99 21.32-31.10*
Non-Indigenous 22,800 0.20 0.15-0.30**
Pre Adolescents Campbell [32], 1985 November 1985 NSW Cross sectional Community survey M,F 12-16 Indigenous 89 12.02 6.33-21.04*
Pre Pregnant women Moore [33], 1987 1983-1985 WA Cross sectional Midwifery analyses F N/S Indigenous 817 3.60 2.39-7.88**
Pre Adults Holman [34], 1987 May-Sept 1986 WA Cross sectional Community survey M,F N/S Indigenous 1,150 7.90 6.42-9.63**
Pre Adolescents Holman [34], 1987 May-Sept 1986 WA Cross sectional Community survey M,F 12-19 Indigenous 177 4.52 1.97-8.71**
Pre Adults Campbell [36], 1989 Nov 1985 NSW Cross sectional Community survey M,F N/S Indigenous 375 19.20 15.34-23.56**
Non-Indigenous 268 2.01 0.61-4.30
Pre Adolescents Gill [35], 1990 1989 WA Cross sectional School survey M,F 10-19 Indigenous 186 6.1 3.8-9.5**
Non-Indigenous 301 0.3 0.1-1.8**
Pre Adolescents Campbell [36], 1989 1992 NSW Cross sectional Community survey M,F 12-16 Indigenous 297 14.01 10.39-18.63
Non-Indigenous 111 0.0 0.0-0.0
Pre Adults Patterson [37], 1993 1983-1984 NSW Cross sectional Community survey M,F N/S Indigenous 236 16.91 12.39-22.36**
Non-Indigenous 268 2.01 0.61-4.30**
Pre Adults Patterson [37], 1993 1987-1988 NSW Cross sectional Community survey M,F N/S Indigenous 212 5.19 2.62-9.09**
Non-Indigenous 422 0 0.0-0.0**
Pre Infants Campbell [32], 1989 1992 NSW Cross sectional Community survey M,F 0-1 Indigenous 49 22.45 3.89-31.66**
Non-Indigenous 11 9.09  
Pre Adolescents Gardner [38], 1992 1992 NT Cross sectional school survey M,F 9-13 Indigenous 439 8.20 5.81-11.17**
Non-Indigenous 665 0.41 0.09-1.31**
Pre Adolescents Malcolm [39], 2000 1999 QLD Cross sectional Community survey M,F N/S Indigenous 108 26.02 17.97-35.25**
Post Pregnant women Panaretto [40], 2006 2000-2003 QLD Longitudinal cohort F 15-40 Indigenous 419 0.81 0.15-2.08
Post Pregnant women Wood [41], 2008 2002-2004 NT Cross sectional Midwifery analyses F 10-50 Indigenous 522 5.50 3.75-7.88
Non-Indigenous 516 0.79 0.21-1.97
Post Pregnant women Romanes [42], 2006 2003 NT Cross sectional clinical audit F 15-47 Indigenous 540 4.09 2.57-6.10
15-47 Non-Indigenous 862 1.19 0.56-2.12
Post Pregnant women Schultz [43], 2007 2005 NT Cross sectional clinical audit F N/S Indigenous 432 3.21 1.78-5.37
N/S Non-Indigenous 359 0.61 0.07-1.98
Post Pregnant women Schultz [44], 2008 2003 & 2005 NT Cross sectional data analysis F 15+ Indigenous 973 3.70 2.60-5.09**
N/S Non-Indigenous 1221 0.90 0.45-1.61
Post Prisoners van der Poorten [45], 2008 2002-2005 NSW Cross sectional prison survey M 12-19 Indigenous 179 3.41 1.30-7.15**
Non-Indigenous 530 1.09 0.42-2.45**
Post Prisoners Templeton [46], 2010 2000-2004 NSW Cross sectional audit M 14-20 Indigenous 79 11.39 6.29-19.85
Post Prisoners Gilles [47], 2008 2006 WA Cross sectional clinical audit M,F 18-50 Indigenous 155 3.24 1.06-7.37
18-50 Non-Indigenous 30 3.33 0.08-17.22
Post Adults Carroll [48], 2010 2008 QLD Cross sectional clinical audit M,F 15-54 Indigenous 112 0.93 0.02-4.87
Post Adults Carroll [49], 2010 2008 NT Cross sectional clinical audit M,F 15-54 Indigenous 112 11.96 6.33-19.03
Post Adolescents Dent [50], 2005 May-July 2005 NT Cross sectional Community survey M,F 14-15 Indigenous 37 11.08 3.03-25.42
  1. *Northern Territory (NT), New South Wales (NSW), Queensland (QLD), South Australia (SA). Males (M), Females (F). + N/S not stated. **Authors calculated 95% confidence intervals (Binomal Exact Method).
\