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Table 4 Univariate analysis of risk factors in relation to the prospective genotype based clustering analysis of 129M. tuberculosis isolates following spoligotyping and 5-loci VNTRs (clustered, n = 71 vs. unclustered, n = 58)

From: Use of genotyping based clustering to quantify recent tuberculosis transmission in Guadeloupe during a seven years period: analysis of risk factors and access to health care

Risk factors No. of patients (%) Odds ratio (95% CI) pvalue
Clustered Unclustered
Male sex 40 (56.3) 37 (63.8) 0.73 [0.34-1.58] 0.40
Low incomes (< 465 €) 21 (29.6) 14 (24.1) 2.03 [0.73-5.68] 0.13
Alcohol abuse a 15 (21.1) 12 (20.7) 0.73 [0.25-2.15] 0.50
Pulmonary localization of TB 64 (90.1) 50 (86.2) 1.46 [0.44-4.87] 0.50
Age < 60 years 61 (85.9) 42 (72.4) 2.32 [0.89-6.16] 0.06
HIV positive 16 (22.5) 9 (15.5) 1.41 [0.51-3.96] 0.50
Foreign born 36 (50.7) 30 (51.7) 0.96 [0.48-1.92] 0.90
Underlying conditions b 30 (42.3) 28 (48.3) 0.78 [0.37-1.67] 0.50
Previous medical problems c 16 (22.5) 19 (32.8) 0.78 [0.25-2.41] 0.60
Diagnosis delay d > 26.5 j 44 (62.0) 43 (74.1) 0.57 [0.25-1.29] 0.14
Hospitalization 18 (25.4) 10 (17.2) 1.80 [0.64-5.13] 0.20
  1. a patients drinking more than 4 glasses of alcoholic beverages per day.
  2. b homeless or living in shelters.
  3. c other than preliminary tuberculosis.
  4. d median delay between the first medical contact for tuberculosis symptoms and clinical suspicion of tuberculosis.