Skip to main content

Table 2 Aetiology of fever associated with HIV and with sepsis in a tertiary care hospital in South India during July 2007 (n = 100)

From: Fever in the tropics: aetiology and case-fatality - a prospective observational study in a tertiary care hospital in South India

Aetiology of fever Patients Sepsis HIV positive3
  n = 100 n = 9 n = 6
Bacteria    
Tuberculosis 19   
  TB meningitis (n = 7)    
  TB other (n = 12)    1
Lower respiratory infection 11 3  
Urinary tract infection 10 31  
Scrub typhus 5   
Typhoid fever 4   
Endocarditis 3 22  
Sepsis other 1 1  
Spleen abscess 2   
Bacterial peritonitis 1   
Cholecystitis 1   
Parasites    
Malaria 5   
  P. falciparum (n = 2)    
  P. falciparum + P. vivax (n = 3)    
Amoebic liver abscess 2   
Fungi    
Cryptococcal meningitis 4   2
Crypt. meningitis and TB (n = 2)    1
Undefined    
AUF 8   1
PUO 5   
Viral    
HIV 1   1
Hepatitis B 1   
Rubella 1   
Malignancy 6   
LMD (n = 4)    
Pulmonary (n = 1)    
Leiomyosarcoma (n = 1)    
Non-infectious 9   
SLE (n = 4)    
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (n = 1)    
Morbus Crohn (n = 1)    
SAPHO syndrome (n = 1)    
Arthritis (n = 1)    
Malignant neuroleptica syndrome (n = 1)    
  1. Data are presented as number of patients (n). One patient did not receive a final diagnosis.
  2. Abbreviations: LMD lymphoid malignant disorder, TB tuberculosis, UTI urinary tract infection, HIV human immunodeficiency virus, AUF acute undifferentiated fever, PUO pyrexia of unknown origin, SLE systemic lupus erythematosus; SAPHO synovitis/acne/pustulosis/hyperossosis/osteitis.
  3. 1 Escherichia coli septicaemia.
  4. 2 Staphylococcus aureus septicaemia.
  5. 3Six were reported as HIV positive; among these one had a negative HIV test recorded, one was not tested, and four were HIV antibody positive.