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Table 2 The proportion of people living with HIV who tested TST-positive using a ≥5 mm and ≥10 mm cutoff size stratified by CD4+ cell count categories <200, ≥200, 200–499 and ≥500 cells/μL

From: The proportions of people living with HIV in low and middle-income countries who test tuberculin skin test positive using either a 5 mm or a 10 mm cut-off: a systematic review

Study Number of patients with CD4+ cell count <200 Number of patients TST positive using ≥5 mm cutoff (%) Number of patients TST positive using ≥10 mm cutoff (%) Number of patients with CD4+ cell count 200-499 Number of patients TST positive using ≥5 mm cutoff (%) Number of patients TST positive using ≥10 mm cutoff (%) Number of patients with CD4+ cell count ≥500 Number of patients TST positive using ≥5 mm cutoff (%) Number of patients TST positive using ≥10 mm cutoff (%)
Gupta et al. [33] 50 8 (16.0) 7 (14.0) 326 71 (21.8) 66 (20.2) 307 65 (21.2) 56 (18.2)
Rangaka et al. [17] 8 2 (25.0) 2 (25.0) 31 17 (54.8) 16 (51.6) 18 11 (61.1) 10 (55.6)
Karam et al. [18] 145 11 (7.6) 10 (6.9) 85 25 (29.4) 22 (25.9) 43 23 (53.5) 14 (32.6)
Balcells et al. [26] 13 1 (7.7) 1 (7.7) 73 4 (5.5) 2 (2.7) 23 7 (30.4) 4 (17.4)
Swaminathan et al. [34] 150 64 (42.7) 48 (32.0) 313 138 (44.1) 117 (37.4) 160 67 (41.9) 62 (38.8)
Moura et al. [29] 137 13 (9.5) 13 (9.5) 386 70 (18.1) 61 (15.8) 341 87 (25.5) 78 (22.9)
Nguyen et al. [40] 75 31 (41.3) 24 (32.0) 206 116 (56.3) 100 (48.5) 88 57 (64.8) 51 (58.0)
Oni et al. [21] 51 25 (49.0) 21 (41.2) 137 79 (57.7) 73 (53.3) 50 33 (66.0) 30 (60.0)
Samandari et al. [22] 575 88 (15.3) 74 (12.9) 952 250 (26.3) 212 (22.3) 364 124 (34.1) 93 (25.6)