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Table 1 Listing of case reports of viral encephalitis patients who were treated with high dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)

From: May early intervention with high dose intravenous immunoglobulin pose a potentially successful treatment for severe cases of tick-borne encephalitis?

Arboviruses Encephalitis Haemorrhagic fever Refs.
TBEV (flavivirus) 1   [26]
JEV (flavivirus) 2   [2830]
DENV (flavivirus)   15 [31]
WNV (flavivirus) 15   [3442]
EEEV (togavirus) 1   [44]
CHIKV (togavirus) 1   [45]
other viruses    
influenza A virus 2   [46, 47]
herpes simplex virus 1   [48]
enterovirus 23   [49, 50]
mumps virus 1   [53]
  1. The outcome of IVIG-treatment was mostly favourable in the encephalitis cases. However, three of 15 WNV encephalitis patients died from their disease [34, 38]. IVIG treatment had no influence on platelet recovery in 15 cases of secondary DENV haemorrhagic infection, but caused no adverse events either.